Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious condition that affects millions of people every year. It occurs because the body doesn’t make enough insulin or utilize the insulin it does have effectively.
Exercise, diet and medications can all help in preventing or delaying the disease. It is also essential to be aware of the symptoms to be able to tell what’s wrong and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic illness (long-lasting), which affects the way your body converts food into energy. It occurs when your pancreas isn’t producing enough insulin or is unable to use it correctly.
Insulin is the hormone that helps your body absorb and utilize glucose, also known as sugar. Type 2 diabetics aren’t producing enough insulin, or their bodies are unable to use it correctly.
In both forms of diabetes, blood sugar levels are excessively high over time. This can cause issues with your eyes, feet, and kidneys. It may also cause damage to the blood vessels in your heart and brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is a disease caused by an autoimmune reaction, which means that your immune system attacks the pancreatic insulin-producing cells and destroys them. The destruction can take place over many months or even years before resulting in the complete absence of insulin.
Insulin is required by those with type 1 diabetes every day. They must also keep an eye on their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food, and activities to keep their blood sugar levels within an acceptable range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you have type 2 the body isn’t producing insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormonal substance that helps your cells move glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells, where it can be utilized to generate energy.
People with type 2 diabetes have to manage their condition with a healthy diet and exercise. They may also have to take medication to control their blood sugar levels.
The signs of diabetes in women
Diabetes is a chronic illness that affects people of all races, ethnic groups as well as ages and genders. However women are at a greater risk than men.
Women with diabetes are more likely to suffer from complications, like heart disease (the most frequent complication of diabetes) and loss of vision.
Polydipsia is a sign of warning for women suffering from diabetes. This is because diabetes causes excess sugar to build up in the blood and your kidneys aren’t able to eliminate it properly.
Diabetes in men: Symptoms
In the case of diabetes the cells are unable to make use of blood sugar (glucose) to produce energy. This is typically due to the fact that the pancreas does not produce enough insulin.
This results in high blood sugar levels. Your body will then attempt to lower these levels by flushing out the excess glucose in your bloodstream through urine.
Diabetes patients are frequently thirsty and require to drink lots of fluids.
Men can also experience weight loss since their bodies break down muscle for energy, instead of fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar levels are high for long periods.
Making a balanced diabetes diet is a crucial aspect of managing your condition. It can help you control blood sugar levels and weight, as well as reduce the risk factors that can lead to heart disease.
It is important to include whole foods in your diet, such as fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Also, low-fat dairy products such as beans, legumes, and beans are a good choice. It should be low in added sugars and saturated fats (unhealthy).
You might also be able to reduce the amount of sweetened drinks with sugar you consume. These drinks often have plenty of sugar which can result in elevated blood sugar levels.
Your doctor may suggest diabetes medication to keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels within an acceptable range. These drugs are often paired with changes in lifestyle, like physical activity and diet, to manage the condition.
If your blood sugar levels are not being controlled by one medicine, you may require a second medication. Your doctor will assist you to choose the best medicine for your specific needs and preferences.
Newer medicines like glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists and sodium-glucose inhibitors that lower blood sugar levels, have kidney and cardiovascular benefits and reduce the risk of complications. They can also be beneficial for weight loss and are available in tablet and injectable forms.