Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious illness that is affecting millions of people each year. It occurs when the body fails to produce enough insulin, or fails to make use of the insulin it has effectively.
Exercise, diet and medications can help prevent or delay the development of the disease. It is also essential to be aware of the symptoms to determine the signs of a problem and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic illness (long-lasting) that alters the way your body converts food into energy. It occurs when your pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin or is unable to properly use it.
Insulin is a hormone that helps your cells absorb and use sugar, also known as glucose. Type 2 diabetics do not produce enough insulin or aren’t able to use it properly.
The blood sugar levels increase with time in both forms of diabetes. This can cause problems with your eyes, feet, and kidneys. It could also cause damage to arteries in your heart and brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition and means that the body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells within the pancreas. This destruction can happen over several years or even decades, eventually leading to the complete absence of insulin.
People suffering from type 1 diabetes require insulin every day. They also have to keep track of their blood sugar levels and adjust their the levels of insulin, food and activity levels to keep their blood glucose within the healthy range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you have type 2 diabetes the body does not make insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone that aids in the movement of glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells where it can be used to create energy.
Type 2 diabetics should exercise and follow a healthy diet. They also may need to take medicine to control their blood sugar levels.
Diabetes in women symptoms
Diabetes is a chronic illness that affects people from all races, ethnicities and genders. Women are more susceptible than males.
Women with diabetes are more likely to experience complications, like heart disease (the most frequent diabetes-related complication) and loss of vision.
One of the first signs of diabetes in women is a rise in thirst and urinary frequency, also known as polydipsia. This is because diabetes causes excess sugar to build up in your blood and the kidneys aren’t able get rid of it in a proper manner.
Men with symptoms of diabetes
Diabetes is a disease in which cells are unable to utilize glucose (blood sugar) as energy. This is usually because the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin.
This can lead to high blood glucose levels. The body tries to lower these levels by flushing the excess glucose out of your bloodstream through urine.
Patients with diabetes are usually thirsty, and need to drink a lot of fluids.
The men may also lose weight because their bodies use muscles to generate energy, not fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar levels stay high for extended periods.
A healthy diabetes diet can be a key part of managing the condition. It can help you control blood sugar levels control weight and reduce the risk factors for heart diseases.
You should include whole food items in your diet, like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Also, dairy products that are low in fat products and legumes are a good choice. It should be free of saturated (unhealthy) fat and added sugars.
You may consider limiting your consumption of sweetened drinks with sugar. These drinks are usually packed with sugar which can cause blood sugar levels to rise.
Your doctor might recommend diabetes medications to keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in a normal range. These medications are typically combined with lifestyle changes like eating habits and exercise to help you manage your diabetes.
If your blood sugar levels are not being adequately controlled with one medication, you may need to add a second medication. Your doctor will work with you to select the best medicine for your requirements and preferences.
Newer medicines like glucagon-like receptor agonists for peptide-1 as well as sodium-glucose inhibitors that lower blood sugar levels, have kidney and cardiovascular benefits and lower the risk of complications. They also aid in weight loss and are available in tablet and injectable forms.