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Diabetes – What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a serious illness that affects millions each year. It happens when the body does not produce enough insulin, or fails to utilize the insulin it does have effectively.

The good news is that it is curable and can be prevented or delayed by diet, exercise and medication. It is important to recognize the signs so you can determine whether you have a problem and seek treatment.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic illness (long-lasting) that alters the way your body converts food into energy. It occurs when your pancreas does not produce enough insulin or fails to use it correctly.

Insulin is a hormone that helps cells absorb and utilize sugar, which is called glucose. People with type 2 diabetes don’t produce enough insulin, or their bodies can’t use it properly.

The blood sugar levels rise over time in both kinds of diabetes. This can lead to problems with the eyes, kidneys and feet. It can also harm the arteries in your heart and brain.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is a disease caused by an autoimmune reaction which means that your immune system attacks the pancreatic cells that produce insulin, and destroys them. This destruction can occur over several months or even years, eventually resulting in the absence of insulin completely.

Insulin is needed by people with type 1 diabetes every day. They also need to monitor their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food, and activities to maintain their blood sugar within an acceptable range.

Type 2 diabetes

If you suffer from type 2 diabetes the body does not use insulin the way it should. Insulin is a hormonal substance that helps your cells move glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells where it is utilized to generate energy.

Type 2 diabetics must exercise and adhere to a healthy diet. They may also need to take medication to manage their blood sugar levels.

Signs of women having diabetes

Diabetes is a chronic illness that affects people from all races, ethnicities and genders. Women are at higher risk than men.

Women who suffer from diabetes are more likely to develop complications, like heart disease (the most common diabetes-related complication) and loss of vision.

One of the early signs of diabetes in women is a rise in thirst and urine, a condition known as polydipsia. This is due to diabetes causing excessive sugar to accumulate in your blood and your kidneys don’t have the capacity to eliminate it correctly.

Men with symptoms of diabetes

Diabetes is a disease in which cells are unable use glucose (blood sugar) as energy source. This is typically due to the fact that the pancreas produces too little insulin.

This can result in high blood glucose levels. The body tries to lower these levels by flushing excess glucose out of your bloodstream via urine.

People who have diabetes often feel thirsty and need to drink large amounts of fluids. It can be as much as four liters per day.

Men may also experience weight loss as their muscles are broken down by their bodies for energy instead of fat. This is because their blood sugar levels remain high for prolonged periods of time.

Diabetes diet

Making a balanced diabetes diet is a key element in managing your diabetes. It can help manage blood sugar levels, manage weight and decrease the risk factors that can lead to heart disease.

Your diet should comprise plenty of whole foods, including fruits vegetables, whole grains as well as beans and dairy that is low in fat. It should be free of saturated (unhealthy) fats and added sugars.

You might consider limiting your consumption of drinks that are sweetened with sugar. These drinks are typically packed with sugar which can cause blood sugar levels to increase.

Diabetes medications

Your doctor may suggest diabetes medications to help keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels within an acceptable range. These medicines are usually combined with lifestyle changes such as exercise and diet to help control your diabetes.

If your blood sugar levels aren’t well controlled by one medicine another medicine could be added. Your doctor will help you pick the best medication to suit your preferences and needs.

Newer medicines, such as sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors and glucagon-like antagonists of the peptide-1 receptor, reduce blood sugar levels and provide benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, while reducing the risk of complications. They are also beneficial for weight loss and are available in injectable and tablet forms.