Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious condition that affects millions of people every year. It is caused when your body doesn’t produce enough insulin, or it can’t use the insulin it does produce effectively.
Diet, exercise and medication can all help in preventing or delaying the onset of the disease. It is also essential to be aware of symptoms to determine if something is wrong and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic illness (long-lasting) that alters the way your body converts food into energy. It happens when your pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin or isn’t able to use it as effectively as it should.
Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells absorb and use sugar, which is called glucose. Type 2 diabetics don’t make enough insulin or their bodies are unable to use it correctly.
In both forms of diabetes, blood sugar levels can become too high over time. This can lead to issues with the eyes, kidneys and feet. It can also harm the blood vessels in your heart and brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition which means that your body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells inside the pancreas. This destruction can occur over several months or even years and eventually lead to an absence of insulin.
Insulin is needed by people who suffer from type 1 diabetes each day. They also have to keep track of their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food, and levels of activity to keep their blood sugar within the normal range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes the body does not make use of insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells remove blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells so that it can be used as energy.
Type 2 diabetics should exercise and follow a healthy diet. They also may need to take medicine to control their blood sugar levels.
Signs of women having diabetes
It is a chronic illness that affects people of all races, ethnicities, ages and genders. Women are more susceptible than males.
Women with diabetes have a greater chance of developing complications compared to men, including heart disease (the most common diabetes complication) and vision loss.
Polydipsia is a sign of warning for diabetes in women. This is because diabetes can result in excess sugar accumulation in your bloodstream and kidneys can’t remove it.
Diabetes in men The signs and symptoms
Diabetes is a condition that occurs when cells are unable use glucose (blood sugar) to generate energy. This is typically because the pancreas produces too little insulin.
This can result in high blood glucose levels. Your body will then try to lower these levels by flushing the excess glucose in your bloodstream through urine.
People with diabetes frequently feel thirsty and need to drink large quantities of fluids, as much as 4 liters a day.
Men may also experience weight loss as their bodies break down muscle for energy, instead of fat. This is because their blood sugar levels remain elevated for long periods.
A healthy diet for diabetes is a crucial aspect of managing your condition. It can help you control blood sugar levels, control your weight, and reduce the risk of heart disease by reducing risk factors.
Your diet should consist of a wide range of whole foods, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains as well as beans and dairy that is low in fat. It should also be low in saturated (unhealthy) fats and added sugars.
You might need to limit your consumption of drinks that are sweetened with sugar. These drinks are often packed with sugar which can cause blood sugar levels to rise.
Your doctor may prescribe diabetes-related medications to keep your blood sugar (glucose) levels within the normal range. These medicines are usually combined with lifestyle changes such as eating habits and exercise to manage your diabetes.
If your blood sugar levels aren’t being well controlled by one medicine it is possible that a different medicine will be added. Your doctor will work with you to determine the most appropriate medicine for your requirements and preferences.
Newer medications, such as sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2 inhibitors as well as glucagon antagonists of the peptide-1 receptors, lower blood sugar and have benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, while reducing the chance of developing complications. They are also useful for weight loss, and they come in both tablets and injections.