Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious disease that affects millions of people each year. It happens when the body does not produce enough insulin, or fails to make use of the insulin it produces effectively.
Exercise, diet and medications can help prevent or delay the progression of the disease. It is important to understand the symptoms so you can tell whether there is a problem and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) health issue that affects how your body turns food into energy. It happens when your pancreas isn’t producing enough insulin, or fails to use it as well as it should.
Insulin is the hormone that helps your body absorb and utilize glucose, also referred to as sugar. Type 2 diabetics don’t make enough insulin or aren’t able to utilize it in a proper way.
In both types of diabetes, blood sugar levels can become too high in time. This can cause issues with your eyes, feet, and kidneys. It could also harm the heart and brain arteries as well as your brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is a disease caused by an autoimmune reaction which means that your immune system attacks the pancreatic cells that produce insulin and destroys them. The destruction can take place over several years or even decades before eventually resulting in the complete absence of insulin.
People with type 1 diabetes must take insulin each day. They must also monitor their blood glucose levels and adjust their the insulin, food and activity levels in order to keep their blood sugar within a healthy range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes your body may not utilize insulin in the way it should. Insulin is a hormone that helps your cells remove blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells so that it can be used to create energy.
Type 2 diabetics must exercise and eat a balanced diet. They may also have to take medication to control their blood glucose levels.
Symptoms of diabetes in women
Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects people of all races, ethnicities and genders. Women are more susceptible than men.
Women with diabetes are more likely to suffer from complications, such as heart disease (the most common diabetes-related complication) and loss of vision.
Polydipsia is a sign of warning for women suffering from diabetes. This is due to diabetes causing excessive sugar to accumulate in the bloodstream and your kidneys don’t have the capacity to eliminate it effectively.
Men with diabetes The signs and symptoms
Diabetes is a disease in which cells are unable to utilize glucose (blood sugar) as energy source. This is typically because the pancreas is producing too little insulin.
This can result in high blood glucose levels. Your body then attempts to reduce these levels by flushing the excess glucose from your bloodstream via urine.
Patients with diabetes typically experience thirst and require to drink large amounts of fluids. It can be as much as 4 liters a day.
The men may also lose weight because their bodies utilize muscles to generate energy, not fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar levels remain high for long periods.
A healthy diet for diabetes is a crucial aspect of managing the condition. It can help you manage your blood sugar levels, control your weight, and reduce the risk of developing heart disease.
It is important to include whole foods in your diet, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Also, dairy products that are low in fat products as well as legumes, beans and beans are great choices. It should also be low in saturated (unhealthy) fats and added sugars.
You might be advised to limit your consumption of sweetened drinks with sugar. These drinks typically contain high levels of sugar in them and can cause high blood sugar levels.
Your doctor may suggest diabetic medications to help keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in the normal range. These medications are typically used with lifestyle changes, such as exercise and diet to help control your diabetes.
If your blood sugar levels are not being managed well with one medication, you may need to take a different medication. Your doctor will work with you to select the most appropriate medication for your specific needs and preferences.
Newer medications, like sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2 inhibitors and glucagon like antagonists for the peptide-1 receptor, decrease blood sugar levels and provide benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, as well as decreasing the risk of developing complications. They also help with weight loss, and are available in tablets and injections.