Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious illness that affects millions of people every year. It happens when the body does not produce enough insulin, or fails to use the insulin that it produces effectively.
Exercise, diet and medication can aid in preventing or reducing the development of the disease. It’s also crucial to be aware of symptoms to be able to tell what’s wrong and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is an ongoing (long-lasting) health condition that affects how your body transforms food into energy. It occurs when the pancreas stops making enough insulin or doesn’t utilize it as effectively as it should.
Insulin is the hormone that helps your body absorb and utilize glucose, also referred to as sugar. People suffering from type 2 diabetes don’t produce enough insulin, or their bodies can’t use it properly.
In both forms of diabetes, blood sugar levels become too high over time. This can cause problems in the feet, eyes and kidneys. It can also damage your heart arteries and brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is a disease caused by an autoimmune reaction, which means that your immune system attacks the pancreatic cells that produce insulin, and destroys them. This destruction can occur over months or even for years and eventually lead to the complete absence of insulin.
People with type 1 diabetes require insulin every day. They also need to monitor their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food, and levels of activity to keep their blood sugar in an acceptable range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you have type 2 diabetes your body doesn’t make insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormonal substance that aids your cells in moving glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells which can then be used as energy.
Type 2 diabetics have to exercise and follow a healthy diet. They may also need to take medicine to control their blood sugar levels.
Signs of diabetes in women
Diabetes is a chronic illness that affects all races, ethnic groups and ages as well as genders. Women are more at risk than men.
Women with diabetes are at a greater risk chance of developing complications compared to men, such as heart disease (the most frequent complication of diabetes) and vision loss.
One of the early signs of women suffering from diabetes is a rise in thirst and the frequency of urination, which is known as polydipsia. This is because diabetes can cause excess sugar to accumulate in your blood and kidneys can’t remove it.
Men with diabetes Men: Symptoms
In diabetes the cells are unable use blood sugar (glucose) to produce energy. This is typically because the pancreas produces too little insulin.
This can lead to high blood glucose levels. Your body will then try to lower the levels by flushing the excess glucose in your bloodstream through urine.
Diabetes patients are frequently thirsty, and need to drink lots of fluids.
Men can also lose weight since their bodies rely on muscles to generate energy, not fat. This is due to their blood sugar levels remain high for prolonged periods of time.
A healthy diet for diabetes is a crucial aspect of managing your diabetes. It can help you manage your blood sugar levels, control your weight, and reduce the risk of heart disease by reducing risk factors.
Include whole foods in your diet, including fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Also, low-fat dairy products as well as legumes, beans and beans are great choices. It should be low in added sugars and saturated fats (unhealthy).
You may also need to limit the amount of sugar-sweetened beverages you consume. These drinks are usually high in sugar and can cause blood sugar levels to increase.
Your doctor may recommend diabetes medications to help keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in normal levels. These medicines are usually combined with lifestyle changes, such as exercise and diet to help control your diabetes.
If your blood sugar levels aren’t well managed by one medication, a second medicine might be added. Your doctor will assist you to pick the most appropriate medicine for your needs and preferences.
Newer medications like glucagon-like receptor agonists for peptide-1 as well as sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors reduce blood sugar levels, provide kidney and cardiovascular benefits and lower the risk of complications. They are also useful for weight loss and are available in tablets and injections.