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Diabetes – What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a serious disease that affects millions of people every year. It is caused when the body does not produce enough insulin or use the insulin that it produces effectively.

Exercise, diet and medications can aid in preventing or reducing the progression of the disease. It is also important to understand the symptoms so you can identify if there is a problem and seek treatment.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is an ongoing (long-lasting) health condition that affects how your body turns food into energy. It occurs when the pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin or isn’t able to utilize it in a proper manner.

Insulin is a hormone that assists cells absorb and utilize sugar, which is called glucose. People with type 2 diabetes aren’t able to make enough insulin or their bodies aren’t able to utilize it correctly.

The blood sugar levels rise over time in both types of diabetes. This can cause issues in the feet, eyes and kidneys. It could also harm your brain and heart arteries.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is a disease caused by an autoimmune reaction which means that your immune system attacks the pancreatic cells that produce insulin, and destroys them. The destruction can take place over many years or months and eventually lead to the total absence of insulin.

Insulin is required by people with type 1 diabetes every day. They also have to keep track of their blood glucose levels and adjust the levels of insulin, food and activity levels in order to keep their blood glucose within a healthy range.

Type 2 diabetes

If you suffer from type 2 diabetes, your body is not using insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone that helps your cells move glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells, which is then used to create energy.

People with type 2 diabetes have to manage their condition by consuming a balanced diet and exercise. They may also need to take medications to manage their blood sugar levels.

Women with diabetes are more likely to experience symptoms

Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects people of all races, ethnicities and genders. Women are more at risk than men.

Women who suffer from diabetes have a higher likelihood of developing complications than men, including heart disease (the most common diabetes complication) and loss of vision.

Polydipsia is a sign of warning for women suffering from diabetes. This is because diabetes can result in excess sugar accumulation in your bloodstream and your kidneys are not able to eliminate it.

Symptoms of diabetes in men

In diabetes the cells are unable to make use of blood sugar (glucose) to produce energy. This is usually due to the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin.

This causes high blood sugar levels. The body then attempts to lower the level by flushing the excess glucose from your bloodstream via urine.

Patients with diabetes typically feel thirsty and need to drink large quantities of fluids, up to four liters per day.

Men can also shed weight as their bodies make use of muscles to generate energy, not fat. This is because their blood sugar levels are high for extended periods.

Diabetes diet

Making a balanced diabetes diet is an important part of managing your diabetes. It can help manage blood sugar levels, manage weight and reduce the risk factors that can lead to heart disease.

Your diet should comprise plenty of whole foods like fruits vegetables, whole grains, beans and low-fat dairy. It should also be low in saturated (unhealthy) fat and added sugars.

You may also be able to reduce the amount of sugar-sweetened drinks you consume. These drinks are often packed with sugar, which can cause blood sugar levels in the body to increase.

Diabetes medications

Your doctor may prescribe diabetes medications to keep your blood sugar (glucose) levels within a normal range. These medications are typically paired with lifestyle changes such as exercising and diet to help control your diabetes.

If your blood sugar levels aren’t well controlled by one medicine another medicine could be added. Your doctor can help you select the right medicine for your preferences and needs.

Newer medications, like sodium-glucose -cotransporter-2 inhibitors, and glucagon antagonists of the peptide-1 receptors, lower blood sugar levels and provide benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, while decreasing the risk of developing complications. They can also be beneficial for weight loss and are available in injectable and tablet forms.