Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious disease that affects millions each year. It happens because the body doesn’t make enough insulin or make use of the insulin it does have effectively.
The good news is that it can be treated and can be avoided or delayed with diet, exercise and medication. It is also essential to be aware of the symptoms so you can tell if something is wrong and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic health condition (long-lasting) that alters the way your body converts food into energy. It occurs when your pancreas stops producing enough insulin or doesn’t utilize it as effectively as it should.
Insulin is a hormone that helps cells absorb and utilize sugar, also known as glucose. Type 2 diabetics do not produce enough insulin, or their bodies aren’t able to utilize it correctly.
The blood sugar levels increase over time in both types of diabetes. This can cause issues with the kidneys, eyes and feet. It may also cause damage to the arteries in your heart and brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease which means that the body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cell in the pancreas. The destruction can take place over months or even years until it leads to the complete absence of insulin.
Insulin is needed by people with type 1 diabetes all day. They must also monitor their blood sugar levels and adjust their the levels of insulin, food and activity levels in order to keep their blood glucose within a healthy range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you have type 2 your body isn’t functioning as insulin should. Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells remove blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells so that it can be used for energy.
Type 2 diabetes sufferers must treat their condition by consuming a balanced diet and regular exercise. They also may need to take medicine to control their blood sugar levels.
The signs of diabetes in women
Diabetes is a chronic illness that affects people of all races as well as ethnic groups age, genders, and ages. Women are more at risk than men.
Women with diabetes are at a greater risk chance of developing complications than men, including heart disease (the most frequent complication of diabetes) and loss of vision.
Polydipsia is a warning sign for diabetes in women. This is because diabetes can cause excess sugar to build up in your blood, and your kidneys cannot filter it out.
The signs of diabetes in men
In diabetes the cells are unable use blood sugar (glucose) for energy. This is typically because the pancreas produces too little insulin.
This results in high blood sugar levels. The body tries to lower these levels by flushing excess glucose from your bloodstream via urine.
People who have diabetes often experience thirst and require to drink large quantities of fluids, up to four liters daily.
Men can also experience weight loss because their bodies break down muscle to make energy, instead of fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar levels stay high for extended periods of time.
Developing a healthy diabetes diet is a key element in managing your diabetes. It can help manage blood sugar levels and weight, as well as reduce the risk factors for heart diseases.
It is important to include whole foods in your diet, including fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Also, dairy products that are low in fat products such as beans, legumes, and beans are excellent choices. It should also be low in saturated (unhealthy) fats and added sugars.
You may need to limit your consumption of drinks that are sweetened with sugar. These drinks often have plenty of sugar in them that can cause high blood sugar levels.
Your doctor may prescribe diabetic medications to help keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels within an acceptable range. These medications are usually combined with lifestyle changes, such as diet and physical activity, to help manage diabetes.
If your blood sugar levels aren’t being well managed on one medication another medicine could be added. Your doctor will guide you to pick the best medication for your preferences and needs.
Newer medications, like sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2 inhibitors and glucagon like antagonists of the peptide-1 receptor, reduce blood sugar and offer benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, while reducing the risk of complications. They also aid in weight loss and are available in injectable and tablet forms.