Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious condition that is affecting millions of people each year. It occurs because the body doesn’t produce enough insulin or cannot utilize the insulin it has effectively.
Exercise, diet and medications can all help in preventing or delaying the onset of the disease. It’s important to be aware of symptoms to know the signs of a problem and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is an ongoing (long-lasting) health issue that affects the way your body converts food into energy. It occurs when your pancreas stops making enough insulin or can’t use it as effectively as it should.
Insulin is the hormone that aids your body to absorb and utilize glucose, also referred to as sugar. Type 2 diabetics don’t produce enough insulin or their bodies are unable to use it properly.
In both forms of diabetes, the blood sugar levels can become too high over time. This can cause issues with your feet, eyes and kidneys. It can also cause damage to the heart and brain arteries as well as your brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune reaction, which means that your immune system attacks the pancreatic cells that produce insulin and destroys them. This destruction can happen over months or even years and eventually lead to the total absence of insulin.
Insulin is required by people with type 1 diabetes every day. They must also monitor their blood glucose levels and adjust the insulin, food and activity levels in order to keep their blood sugar within a healthy range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes your body isn’t functioning as insulin should. Insulin is a hormonal substance that assists your cells in moving glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells which can then be used as energy.
Type 2 diabetics must exercise and follow a healthy diet. They also may need to take medication to control their blood sugar levels.
Signs of diabetes in women
Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects all races and ethnic groups age, genders, and ages. Women are at greater risk than men.
Women with diabetes are more prone to develop complications, such as heart disease (the most frequent diabetes-related complication) and loss of vision.
Polydipsia can be a warning sign for women suffering from diabetes. This is due to diabetes causing excess sugar to build up in your blood and your kidneys aren’t able to filter it out correctly.
Men with symptoms of diabetes
In diabetes, cells are unable to use blood sugar (glucose) for energy. This is usually because the pancreas is producing too little insulin.
This can result in high blood glucose levels. Your body will then attempt to lower these levels by flushing out the excess glucose in your bloodstream through urine.
People with diabetes are typically thirsty and require to drink plenty of fluids.
Men may also experience weight loss as their bodies break down muscle for energy instead of fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar levels stay elevated for long periods.
A healthy diet for diabetes is a crucial aspect of managing the condition. It can help regulate blood sugar levels and weight, as well as reduce the risk factors for heart disease.
Your diet should comprise plenty of whole foods, such as fruits vegetables, whole grains, beans and low-fat dairy. It should also be low in saturated (unhealthy) fats and added sugars.
You may also need to limit the amount of sugar-sweetened drinks you consume. These drinks are often high in sugar and can cause blood sugar levels to rise.
Your doctor may recommend diabetes medication to keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in the normal range. These medications are typically used with lifestyle changes like exercising and diet to help control your diabetes.
If your blood sugar levels aren’t managed by one medication, a second medicine might be added. Your doctor will work with you to select the best medication for your requirements and preferences.
The latest medications, including sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2 inhibitors as well as glucagon peptide-1 receptor antagonists, lower blood sugar and offer benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, as well as decreasing the risk of complications. They can also be beneficial for weight loss and are available in injectable and tablet forms.