6.4 A1C Average Blood Sugar

Diabetes – What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a serious condition which affects millions of people every year. It is caused when the body is unable to make enough insulin or utilize the insulin it has effectively.

Diet, exercise and medication can help prevent or delay the onset of the disease. It is also crucial to know the symptoms, so you can identify whether you have a problem and seek treatment.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic illness (long-lasting), which affects the way your body converts food into energy. It happens when your pancreas isn’t producing enough insulin or doesn’t utilize it as efficiently as it should.

Insulin is a hormone that assists cells absorb and utilize sugar, which is called glucose. Type 2 diabetics aren’t producing enough insulin, or their bodies are unable to use it effectively.

In both forms of diabetes, the blood sugar levels are too high in time. This can lead to issues with your eyes, kidneys and feet. It could also cause damage to arteries in your heart and brain.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder which means that the body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells inside the pancreas. This destruction can occur over many months or even years until it leads to an absence of insulin.

People suffering from type 1 diabetes must take insulin each day. They also need to monitor their blood glucose levels and adjust the insulin, food and activity levels in order to keep their blood glucose within a healthy range.

Type 2 diabetes

If you have type 2 your body isn’t making the insulin it needs to. Insulin is a hormone that helps your cells remove blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells, where it can be used for energy.

People suffering from type 2 diabetes have to manage their condition with a healthy diet and regular exercise. They also may need to take medications to manage their blood sugar levels.

Women with diabetes are more likely to experience symptoms

Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects people from all races, ethnicities, ages and genders. However, women are at a greater risk than men.

Women with diabetes are more likely to experience complications, like heart disease (the most common complication associated with diabetes), and vision loss.

One of the early signs of women suffering from diabetes is increased thirst and urination, called polydipsia. This is because diabetes can result in excess sugar accumulation in your bloodstream and kidneys are unable to filter it out.

Diabetes in men Men: Symptoms

In the case of diabetes the cells are unable use blood sugar (glucose) for energy. This is typically due to the fact that the pancreas does not produce enough insulin.

This results in high blood sugar levels. The body then attempts to lower these levels by flushing out the excess glucose from your bloodstream through urine.

Patients with diabetes typically experience thirst and require to drink large quantities of fluids. It can be as much as four liters a day.

Men can also experience weight loss as their muscles are broken down by their bodies for energy instead of fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar levels stay high for extended periods.

Diabetes diet

A healthy diabetes diet is a crucial aspect of managing the condition. It can help you control blood sugar levels control weight and reduce risk factors for heart disease.

You should include whole food items in your diet, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Also, dairy products that are low in fat products and legumes are great choices. It should be free of saturated (unhealthy) fats and added sugars.

You might be advised to limit your consumption of beverages sweetened with sugar. These drinks are usually high in sugar which can cause blood sugar levels to rise.

Diabetes medication

Your doctor might prescribe diabetes medications to keep your blood sugar (glucose) levels within the normal range. These medications are typically combined with changes in lifestyle, like diet and physical activity, to help manage diabetes.

If your blood sugar levels aren’t managed on one medication, a second medicine might be added. Your doctor will assist you choose the best medicine for your personal preferences and needs.

Newer medicines, such as sodium-glucose -cotransporter-2 inhibitors, and glucagon peptide-1 receptor antagonists, lower blood sugar and have benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, while reducing the risk of complications. They’re also helpful for weight loss and are available in tablet and injectable forms.