Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious illness that affects millions of people each year. It happens because the body doesn’t make enough insulin or utilize the insulin it does have effectively.
Exercise, diet and medications can all help in preventing or delaying the onset of the disease. It is important to understand the symptoms so you can identify if there is a problem and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) health issue that affects how your body transforms food into energy. It occurs when your pancreas does not produce enough insulin or fails to properly use it.
Insulin is the hormone that aids your body absorb and use glucose, also known as sugar. Type 2 diabetics aren’t producing enough insulin or their bodies are unable to use it correctly.
The blood sugar levels increase with time in both forms of diabetes. This can lead to issues with your eyes, kidneys and feet. It may also damage your brain and heart arteries.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease, meaning that the body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells within the pancreas. The process of destruction can last for months or years and eventually lead to the total absence of insulin.
Insulin is a requirement for people with type 1 diabetes all day. They also have to keep track of their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food, and activity levels to keep their blood sugar levels within the healthy range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you have type 2 diabetes, your body does not make insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone that helps your cells move glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells, where it can be utilized to generate energy.
Type 2 diabetics need to exercise and follow a healthy diet. They might also need to take medication to manage their blood sugar levels.
Diabetes in women symptoms
It is a chronic illness that affects people of all races, ethnicities, and genders. However women are at greater risk than men.
Women who suffer from diabetes are more likely to suffer from complications, such as heart disease (the most frequent diabetes-related complication) and loss of vision.
One early warning sign of women with diabetes is a rise in thirst and the frequency of urination, which is known as polydipsia. This is because diabetes can result in excess sugar accumulation in your blood and kidneys are unable to eliminate it.
Men with symptoms of diabetes
In diabetes it is when cells are unable use blood sugar (glucose) for energy. This usually happens because the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin.
This leads to elevated blood sugar levels. Your body then attempts to lower these levels by flushing excess glucose out of your bloodstream through urine.
Diabetes patients are often thirsty, and they have to drink a lot of fluids.
The men may also lose weight as their bodies use muscles to generate energy, not fat. This is due to their blood sugar levels are high for prolonged periods of time.
The development of a healthy diabetes diet is a crucial aspect of managing your diabetes. It can help you control blood sugar, manage your weight, and lower the risk of heart disease by reducing risk factors.
You should include whole foods in your diet, like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Also, low-fat dairy products such as beans, legumes, and beans are excellent choices. It should also be low in saturated (unhealthy) fat and added sugars.
You might be advised to limit your consumption of drinks sweetened with sugar. These drinks are typically packed with sugar which can cause blood sugar levels in the body to increase.
Your doctor may prescribe diabetes medication to keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels within normal levels. These medications are typically used with lifestyle changes such as exercising and diet to help you manage your diabetes.
If your blood sugar is not being adequately controlled with one medication, you may need to take a different medication. Your doctor will work with you to select the best medication for your needs and preferences.
The latest medications, including sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2 inhibitors as well as glucagon antagonists of the peptide-1 receptor, reduce blood sugar levels and are beneficial for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, as well as decreasing the risk of complications. They are also useful for weight loss and come in both tablets and injections.