Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious disease that affects millions each year. It occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin, or fails to make use of the insulin it does have effectively.
Exercise, diet and medications can all help in preventing or delaying the disease. It is also important to know the symptoms, so you can tell whether you are suffering from a condition and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic health issue (long-lasting), which alters the way your body converts food into energy. It occurs when your pancreas does not produce enough insulin or fails to utilize it in a proper manner.
Insulin is the hormone that aids your body absorb and utilize glucose, also known as sugar. Type 2 diabetics do not produce enough insulin or aren’t able to use it in a proper way.
In both types of diabetes, the blood sugar levels get too high over time. This can cause issues with the eyes, feet and kidneys. It could also harm your brain and heart arteries.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease, meaning that your body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. This process can take months or even years, eventually leading to the total absence of insulin.
Insulin is required by those with type 1 diabetes every day. They also have to keep track of their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food, and activities to keep their blood sugar in an acceptable range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you have type 2, your body is not using insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone that aids in the movement of glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells, which is then used to create energy.
People suffering from type 2 diabetes must treat their condition by consuming a balanced diet and regular exercise. They may also need to take medication to control their blood glucose levels.
Symptoms of diabetes in women
Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects people of all races, ethnicities, ages and genders. Women are at greater risk than men.
Women who suffer from diabetes have a higher chance of developing complications than men, such as heart disease (the most frequent complication of diabetes) and vision loss.
Polydipsia is a warning sign for women with diabetes. This is because diabetes can cause excess sugar to build up in your blood, and your kidneys cannot eliminate it.
Diabetes in men Men: Symptoms
Diabetes is a condition that occurs when cells are unable use glucose (blood sugar) to generate energy. This is usually due to the pancreas stops producing enough insulin.
This can lead to high blood glucose levels. Your body attempts to lower these levels by flushing excess glucose from your bloodstream via urine.
People suffering from diabetes frequently feel thirsty and need to drink large amounts of fluids, up to four liters a day.
The men may also lose weight because their bodies utilize muscles for energy instead of fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar levels are elevated for long periods.
A healthy diet for diabetes is an important part of managing your diabetes. It can help manage blood sugar levels control weight and reduce risk factors for heart disease.
Your diet should consist of a wide range of whole foods, such as fruits whole grains, vegetables, beans and low-fat dairy. It should be free of added sugars and saturated fats (unhealthy).
You might also want to limit the amount of sweetened drinks with sugar you consume. These drinks are usually packed with sugar and can cause blood sugar levels to increase.
Your doctor may recommend diabetes medication to keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in normal levels. These medications are often combined with lifestyle changes, like eating habits and physical activity to manage diabetes.
If your blood sugar levels aren’t being well managed by one medication, a second medicine might be added. Your doctor will assist you select the right medicine to meet your needs and preferences.
The latest medications, including sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2 inhibitors and glucagon like antagonists of the peptide-1 receptor, reduce blood sugar and have benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, as well as decreasing the chance of developing complications. They also aid in weight loss, and they come in both tablets and injections.