Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious disease that is affecting millions of people each year. It is caused when the body fails to produce enough insulin or utilize the insulin it does have effectively.
Exercise, diet and medications can help prevent or delay the development of the disease. It is also essential to be aware of symptoms to be able to tell if something is wrong and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is an ongoing (long-lasting) disease that affects the way your body transforms food into energy. It happens when your pancreas does not produce enough insulin or fails to use it properly.
Insulin is the hormone that aids your body absorb and utilize glucose, also referred to as sugar. People with type 2 diabetes aren’t able to make enough insulin or their bodies aren’t able to use it properly.
The blood sugar levels increase as time passes in both types of diabetes. This can cause issues with the kidneys, eyes and feet. It can also damage the coronary arteries and brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is a disease caused by an autoimmune reaction which means that your immune system attacks pancreatic cells that produce insulin and destroys them. This destruction can happen over many years or months, eventually leading to a total lack of insulin.
Insulin is required by those with type 1 diabetes all day. They must also monitor their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food and levels of exercise to keep their blood sugar in the normal range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes the body does not make insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormonal substance that aids in the movement of glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells which can then be used to create energy.
People with type 2 diabetes have to manage their condition by consuming a balanced diet and regular exercise. They may also have to take medicine to control their blood sugar levels.
Diabetes in women symptoms
Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects people from all races, ethnicities and genders. Women are more at risk than men.
Women with diabetes are more likely to suffer from complications, like heart disease (the most frequent diabetes-related complication) and loss of vision.
Polydipsia is a sign of warning for diabetes in women. This is due to diabetes causing excess sugar to build up in the blood and your kidneys don’t have the capacity to get rid of it in a proper manner.
Diabetes in men Men: Symptoms
Diabetes is a disease in which cells are not able to use glucose (blood sugar) to generate energy. This is typically because the pancreas ceases to produce enough insulin.
This results in high blood sugar levels. Your body then attempts to lower these levels by flushing the excess glucose out of your bloodstream through urine.
Diabetes patients are often thirsty, and they have to drink lots of fluids.
The men may also lose weight because their bodies utilize muscle for energy rather than fat. This is due to their blood sugar levels are high for prolonged periods of time.
Making a balanced diabetes diet is a crucial aspect of managing your condition. It can help you control blood sugar, reduce your weight and heart disease risk factors.
Include whole foods in your diet, including fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Also, dairy products that are low in fat products and legumes are great choices. It should be free of added sugars and saturated fats (unhealthy).
You might also need to limit the amount of drinks that contain sugar you consume. These drinks typically contain plenty of sugar in them that can cause high blood sugar levels.
Your doctor might prescribe diabetes medication to keep your blood sugar (glucose) levels within the normal range. These medications are typically combined with lifestyle changes like exercise and diet to help you manage your diabetes.
If your blood sugar levels are not being controlled by one medication, you may need to take a different medication. Your doctor will work with you to pick the best medication for your requirements and preferences.
Newer medicines like glucagon-like receptor agonists for peptide-1 as well as sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors reduce blood sugar levels, offer kidney and cardiovascular benefits and reduce the risk of complications. They also aid in weight loss and are available in tablet and injection forms.