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Diabetes – What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a terribly debilitating disease that affects millions of people each year. It happens when the body is unable to make enough insulin or utilize the insulin it produces effectively.

Diet, exercise and medication can help prevent or delay the progression of the disease. It is also crucial to understand the symptoms so you can determine whether there is a problem and seek treatment.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is an ongoing (long-lasting) disease that affects the way your body turns food into energy. It occurs when the pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin or is unable to use it properly.

Insulin is the hormone that aids your body to absorb and utilize glucose, also referred to as sugar. People suffering from type 2 diabetes do not produce enough insulin, or their bodies can’t use it properly.

The blood sugar levels rise over time in both kinds of diabetes. This can cause issues with the kidneys, eyes and feet. It can also damage the arteries in your heart and brain.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder and means that the body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells within the pancreas. The destruction can take place over several months or even years until it leads to the absence of insulin completely.

Insulin is required by people with type 1 diabetes all day. They also must monitor their blood glucose levels and adjust their insulin, food and activity levels in order to keep their blood sugar within a healthy range.

Type 2 diabetes

If you have type 2 your body isn’t functioning as insulin should. Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells get blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells, where it can be used as energy.

Type 2 diabetics need to exercise and adhere to a healthy diet. They may also need to take medication to control their blood sugar levels.

The signs of diabetes in women

Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects people of all races, ethnicities, and genders. However women are at a greater risk than men.

Women with diabetes are more prone to develop complications, like heart disease (the most common diabetes-related complication), and vision loss.

Polydipsia is a warning sign for women with diabetes. This is because diabetes can cause excess sugar to build up in your bloodstream and your kidneys are not able to eliminate it.

Men with diabetes Men: Symptoms

Diabetes is a disease in which cells are not able to use glucose (blood sugar) as energy source. This is usually because the pancreas does not produce enough insulin.

This leads to elevated blood sugar levels. Your body then tries to lower these levels by flushing excess glucose out of your bloodstream via urine.

People with diabetes are typically thirsty, and they need to drink a lot of fluids.

Men can also experience weight loss since their bodies break down muscle for energy instead of fat. This is due to the fact that the blood sugar level stays high for prolonged periods of time.

Diabetes diet

Developing a healthy diabetes diet is an important part of managing your diabetes. It can help regulate blood sugar levels, manage weight and reduce the risk factors for heart disease.

It is important to include whole foods in your diet, like fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Also, dairy products that are low in fat products and legumes are a good choice. It should also be low in saturated (unhealthy) fat and added sugars.

You may consider limiting your consumption of drinks that are sweetened with sugar. These drinks often have a lot of sugar, which can lead to high blood sugar levels.

Diabetes medication

Your doctor may prescribe diabetes medications to keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels within normal levels. These drugs are often paired with changes to your lifestyle, such as eating habits and physical activity to help manage diabetes.

If your blood sugar levels aren’t managed by one medication, a second medicine might be added. Your doctor will assist you pick the best medication to suit your preferences and needs.

Newer medications like glucagon-like receptor agonists, peptide-1, and sodium-glucose inhibitors that lower blood sugar levels, have kidney and cardiovascular benefits, and lower the risk of complications. They’re also helpful for weight loss and are available in injectable and tablet forms.