American Diabetes Association Blood Sugar Goals

Diabetes – What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a serious condition that affects millions of people every year. It is caused when your body isn’t producing enough insulin or it can’t use the insulin it does have effectively.

The good news is that it is treatable and can be prevented or delayed with diet, exercise and medication. It is also important to be aware of the signs, so you can identify if there is a problem and seek treatment.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) health issue that affects the way your body turns food into energy. It occurs when your pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin or can’t use it as effectively as it should.

Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells absorb and use sugar, which is known as glucose. People suffering from type 2 diabetes aren’t able to make enough insulin or their bodies don’t utilize it correctly.

In both forms of diabetes, blood sugar levels can become too high over time. This can lead to issues with your eyes, kidneys and feet. It can also cause damage to your brain and heart arteries.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is a disease caused by an autoimmune reaction which means that your immune system attacks pancreatic insulin-producing cells and destroys them. This destruction can happen over months or years, eventually leading to the total absence of insulin.

People with type 1 diabetes require insulin every day. They must also monitor their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food, and activities to keep their blood sugar in an acceptable range.

Type 2 diabetes

If you have type 2 your body isn’t using insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone that aids your cells in moving glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells where it is used as energy.

Type 2 diabetics must exercise and adhere to a healthy diet. They may also need to take medication to control their blood glucose levels.

The signs of diabetes in women

Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects people of all races, ethnicities, ages and genders. However, women are at a greater risk than men.

Women who suffer from diabetes are more likely to develop complications, including heart disease (the most frequent complication of diabetes), and vision loss.

Polydipsia can be a warning sign for women suffering from diabetes. This is because diabetes can create excess sugar in your bloodstream and your kidneys are not able to eliminate it.

Men with diabetes: Symptoms

Diabetes is a disease in which cells are unable to utilize glucose (blood sugar) for energy. This is typically because the pancreas stops producing enough insulin.

This can lead to high blood glucose levels. Your body then attempts to lower these levels by flushing the excess glucose out of your bloodstream through urine.

People suffering from diabetes frequently have a thirsty feeling and must drink large amounts of fluids, up to four liters a day.

Men may also experience weight loss since their muscles are broken down by their bodies for energy instead of fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar levels remain high for prolonged periods of time.

Diabetes diet

The development of a healthy diabetes diet is a crucial aspect of managing your diabetes. It can help control blood sugar levels, manage weight and decrease the risk factors for heart diseases.

You should include whole foods in your diet, like fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Also, dairy products that are low in fat products and legumes are great choices. It should be free of saturated (unhealthy) fats and added sugars.

You might also be able to reduce the amount of drinks that contain sugar you consume. These drinks are often packed with sugar, which can cause blood sugar levels to rise.

Diabetes medications

Your doctor might recommend diabetic medications to help keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in an acceptable range. These medications are typically used with lifestyle changes like exercising and diet to manage your diabetes.

If your blood sugar levels aren’t being well controlled on one medicine it is possible that a different medicine will be added. Your doctor can help you pick the best medication for your personal preferences and needs.

Newer medicines, such as sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors and glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor antagonists, lower blood sugar and offer benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, while reducing the risk of complications. They are also useful for weight loss, and come in both tablet and injection forms.