Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious condition which affects millions of people every year. It is caused when your body doesn’t produce enough insulin, or it’s not able to use the insulin it does have effectively.
The good news is that it can be treated and can be prevented or delayed by diet, exercise and medication. It is also essential to recognize the signs so you can tell if there is a problem and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) health condition that affects the way your body converts food into energy. It occurs when your pancreas isn’t producing enough insulin or fails to properly use it.
Insulin is the hormone that helps your body absorb and utilize glucose, also referred to as sugar. Type 2 diabetics don’t produce enough insulin or aren’t able to utilize it effectively.
In both forms of diabetes, blood sugar levels can become too high over time. This can cause problems in the kidneys, eyes and feet. It can also damage the blood vessels in your heart as well as the brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is a disease caused by an autoimmune reaction which means that your immune system attacks pancreatic insulin-producing cells and destroys them. This process can take months or years before eventually resulting in the complete absence of insulin.
Insulin is required by people who suffer from type 1 diabetes each day. They also must monitor their blood glucose levels and adjust their the levels of insulin, food and activity levels to keep their blood sugar within a healthy range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes, your body does not make use of insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormonal substance that assists your cells in moving glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells which is then utilized to generate energy.
Type 2 diabetics should exercise and follow a healthy diet. They may also need to take medication to regulate their blood glucose levels.
Signs of women having diabetes
Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects people from all races, ethnicities, ages and genders. However women are at a higher risk than males.
Women who suffer from diabetes have a higher chance of developing complications compared to men, including heart disease (the most commonly reported diabetes complication) and vision loss.
Polydipsia is one of the warning signs for women with diabetes. This is because diabetes can result in excess sugar accumulation in your blood and your kidneys are not able to remove it.
Diabetes in men: Symptoms
Diabetes is a condition where cells are unable to use glucose (blood sugar) to generate energy. This usually happens because the pancreas stops producing enough insulin.
This can result in high blood glucose levels. Your body attempts to lower these levels by flushing excess glucose out of your bloodstream through urine.
People with diabetes frequently are thirsty and have to drink large amounts of fluids, up to four liters daily.
Men can also experience weight loss because their muscles are broken down by their bodies for energy instead of fat. This is due to their blood sugar levels are high for extended periods.
A balanced diet for diabetes can be a key part of managing the condition. It can help regulate blood sugar levels control weight and reduce the risk factors for heart diseases.
Your diet should consist of a wide range of whole foods like fruits, vegetables, whole grains, beans and low-fat dairy. It should also be low in saturated (unhealthy) fats and added sugars.
You might also want to limit the amount of sugar-sweetened beverages you consume. These drinks are usually high in sugar, which can cause blood sugar levels to rise.
Your doctor may suggest diabetes medication to keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels within a normal range. These medications are often combined with changes to your lifestyle, such as eating habits and physical activity to manage the condition.
If your blood sugar levels are not being managed well with one medication, you may require a second medication. Your doctor will work with you to pick the most appropriate medicine for your specific needs and preferences.
Newer medications like glucagon-like receptor agonists, peptide-1, and sodium-glucose COtransporter-2 inhibitors decrease blood sugar levels, have kidney and cardiovascular benefits and reduce the risk of complications. They can also be beneficial for weight loss and are available in injectable and tablet forms.