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Diabetes – What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a serious illness that affects millions of people every year. It occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin or cannot use the insulin that it produces effectively.

The good news is that it is curable and prevented or delayed with diet, exercise and medications. It is also important to know the symptoms, to determine whether there is a problem and seek treatment.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) health issue that affects how your body converts food into energy. It occurs when your pancreas stops making enough insulin, or fails to use it as effectively as it should.

Insulin is the hormone that helps your body absorb and utilize glucose, also referred to as sugar. Type 2 diabetics don’t make enough insulin or their bodies cannot use it properly.

The blood sugar levels rise over time in both types of diabetes. This can cause problems in the feet, eyes and kidneys. It may also damage the heart and brain arteries as well as your brain.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease, meaning that the body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells within the pancreas. This process can take months or even years until it eventually leads to the total absence of insulin.

Insulin is a requirement for people with type 1 diabetes every day. They must also monitor their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food and activity levels to keep their blood sugar within a healthy range.

Type 2 diabetes

If you suffer from type 2 diabetes your body isn’t producing insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells in moving glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells, which can then be used to create energy.

People with type 2 diabetes have to manage their condition through a healthy diet and exercise. They may also need to take medications to control their blood sugar levels.

The signs of diabetes in women

Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects all races, ethnic groups as well as ages and genders. Women are more at risk than men.

Women with diabetes are at a greater risk chance of developing complications compared to men, including heart disease (the most commonly reported diabetes complication) and vision loss.

One of the early signs of women suffering from diabetes is increased thirst and urinary frequency, also known as polydipsia. This is because diabetes can cause excess sugar to build up in your bloodstream and your kidneys are not able to remove it.

Men with symptoms of diabetes

Diabetes is a disease in which cells are unable to use glucose (blood sugar) for energy. This is typically due to the fact that the pancreas is producing too little insulin.

This can result in high blood glucose levels. Your body will then attempt to lower these levels by flushing the excess glucose in your bloodstream through urine.

People with diabetes frequently are thirsty and have to drink large amounts of fluids. This can be up to four liters daily.

Men also may lose weight since their bodies rely on muscles to generate energy, not fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar levels remain high for long periods.

Diabetes diet

A balanced diet for diabetes is a crucial aspect of managing the condition. It can help you control blood sugar levels, manage your weight, and lower risk factors for heart disease.

You should include whole food items in your diet, including fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Also, low-fat dairy products and legumes are a good choice. It should be free of saturated (unhealthy) fats and added sugars.

You might also consider limiting the amount of sweetened drinks with sugar you consume. These drinks typically contain plenty of sugar which can result in elevated blood sugar levels.

Diabetes medications

Your doctor might recommend diabetes medications to help keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in a normal range. These medications are typically combined with lifestyle changes like diet and exercise to manage your diabetes.

If your blood sugar levels aren’t being well controlled on one medicine another medicine could be added. Your doctor will assist you to choose the most appropriate medication to meet your needs and preferences.

Newer medications, like sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors and glucagon-like antagonists of the peptide-1 receptors, lower blood sugar and offer benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, as well as reducing the chance of developing complications. They can also be beneficial for weight loss and are available in injectable and tablet forms.