Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious disease that affects millions of people every year. It occurs when the body is unable to make enough insulin or make use of the insulin it does have effectively.
The good news is that it can be treated and treated or delayed through diet, exercise and medications. It’s also important to be aware of symptoms to know if something is wrong and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is an ongoing (long-lasting) disease that affects how your body converts food into energy. It occurs when the pancreas isn’t producing enough insulin or can’t use it as effectively as it should.
Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells absorb and use sugar, which is called glucose. Type 2 diabetics don’t produce enough insulin, or their bodies are unable to use it properly.
In both forms of diabetes, blood sugar levels get too high in time. This can lead to issues with your eyes, kidneys and feet. It may also cause damage to the blood vessels in your heart and brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is a disease caused by an autoimmune reaction, which means that your immune system attacks pancreatic insulin-producing cells and destroys them. This process can take several years or even decades before eventually resulting in an inability to produce insulin.
People suffering from type 1 diabetes must take insulin each day. They also have to keep track of their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food and activities to keep their blood sugar within the normal range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you have type 2, your body is not making the insulin it needs to. Insulin is a hormonal substance that helps your cells move glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells, where it is utilized to generate energy.
Type 2 diabetics should exercise and eat a healthy diet. They may also have to take medication to manage their blood sugar levels.
Signs of women having diabetes
Diabetes is a chronic illness that affects people of all races, ethnicities, ages and genders. Women are more at risk than males.
Women with diabetes are more likely to suffer from complications, like heart disease (the most frequent diabetes-related complication) and loss of vision.
Polydipsia is a sign of warning for women with diabetes. This is because diabetes can cause excess sugar to accumulate in your blood and your kidneys are not able to filter it out.
Men who suffer from diabetes show signs
Diabetes is a disease in which cells are unable to utilize glucose (blood sugar) as energy. This usually happens because the pancreas does not produce enough insulin.
This can lead to high blood glucose levels. Your body will then try to lower the level by flushing the excess glucose in your bloodstream through urine.
People who have diabetes often are thirsty and have to drink large quantities of fluids, up to 4 liters a day.
The men may also shed weight as their bodies utilize muscles to generate energy, not fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar level remains high for prolonged periods of time.
A healthy diet for diabetes is an important part of managing your condition. It can help regulate blood sugar levels, manage weight and reduce risk factors for heart disease.
You should include whole food items in your diet, like fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Also, low-fat dairy products such as beans, legumes, and beans are a good choice. It should also be low in saturated (unhealthy) fats and added sugars.
You might also consider limiting the amount of sweetened drinks with sugar you consume. These drinks often have high levels of sugar, which can lead to high blood sugar levels.
Your doctor may prescribe diabetes medications to keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in the normal range. These medications are typically combined with changes to your lifestyle, such as physical activity and diet, to help manage the condition.
If your blood sugar levels aren’t being well managed by one medication then a second medication could be added. Your doctor will help you pick the best medication for your personal preferences and needs.
Newer medications such as glucagon-like receptor agonists, peptide-1, and sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors lower blood sugar levels, offer kidney and cardiovascular benefits, and reduce the risk of complications. They also help with weight loss and are available in tablets and injections.