Anxiety From Low Blood Sugar

Diabetes – What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a terribly debilitating disease that affects millions of people every year. It is caused because the body doesn’t produce enough insulin or cannot use the insulin that it has effectively.

Diet, exercise and medication can all help in preventing or delaying the onset of the disease. It is also crucial to recognize the signs so you can tell whether you are suffering from a condition and seek treatment.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is an ongoing (long-lasting) health issue that affects how your body converts food into energy. It occurs when your pancreas does not produce enough insulin or fails to use it correctly.

Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells absorb and use sugar, which is known as glucose. People with type 2 diabetes don’t produce enough insulin, or their bodies can’t use it properly.

The blood sugar levels increase over time in both types of diabetes. This can cause issues with your eyes, kidneys and feet. It can also harm the blood vessels in your heart and brain.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is an auto-immune disease which means that your body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cell in the pancreas. This destruction can happen over months or years and eventually lead to a total lack of insulin.

Type 1 diabetics must take insulin each day. They also must monitor their blood glucose levels and adjust their the levels of insulin, food and activity levels to keep their blood glucose within a healthy range.

Type 2 diabetes

If you suffer from type 2 diabetes the body does not make insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells take blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells where it can be used for energy.

People with type 2 diabetes need to treat their diabetes with a healthy diet and regular exercise. They may also have to take medication to manage their blood sugar levels.

Symptoms of diabetes in women

It is a chronic illness that affects people of all races, ethnicities and genders. Women are more at risk than men.

Women with diabetes are at a greater risk chance of developing complications compared to men, including heart disease (the most commonly reported diabetes complication) and vision loss.

One early warning sign of diabetes in women is a rise in thirst and urinary frequency, also known as polydipsia. This is because diabetes causes excessive sugar to accumulate in the bloodstream and your kidneys don’t have the capacity to get rid of it correctly.

Diabetes in men: Symptoms

In diabetes the cells are unable make use of blood sugar (glucose) to produce energy. This usually happens because the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin.

This leads to high blood sugar levels. Your body attempts to reduce these levels by flushing excess glucose out of your bloodstream through urine.

Patients with diabetes are usually thirsty, and need to drink lots of fluids.

The men may also shed weight as their bodies rely on muscles for energy instead of fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar levels stay high for prolonged periods of time.

Diabetes diet

Making a balanced diabetes diet is an important part of managing your diabetes. It can help you control blood sugar levels and weight, as well as reduce the risk factors that can lead to heart disease.

Your diet should consist of plenty of whole foods like fruits whole grains, vegetables beans, low-fat dairy and legumes. It should be low in saturated fats and sugars as well as added sugars (unhealthy).

You might want to limit your intake of drinks sweetened with sugar. These drinks often have plenty of sugar in them which can result in elevated blood sugar levels.

Diabetes medications

Your doctor may suggest diabetes medication to keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in an acceptable range. These medicines are usually combined with lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise to help control your diabetes.

If your blood sugar levels are not being controlled by one medication, you might need to take a different medication. Your doctor will assist you to select the most appropriate medication for your specific needs and preferences.

Newer medicines like glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists and sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors reduce blood sugar levels, have kidney and cardiovascular benefits, and lower the risk of complications. They also aid in weight loss, and are available in tablet and injection forms.