Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious illness that affects millions of people each year. It occurs when the body is unable to make enough insulin or utilize the insulin it does have effectively.
Diet, exercise and medication can aid in preventing or reducing the onset of the disease. It is also essential to be aware of the symptoms to know if something is wrong and get treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is an ongoing (long-lasting) health issue that affects the way your body converts food into energy. It occurs when your pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin or isn’t able to properly use it.
Insulin is a hormone that helps your cells absorb and use sugar, which is called glucose. Type 2 diabetics don’t make enough insulin or are unable to use it effectively.
In both forms of diabetes, the blood sugar levels become too high over time. This can cause problems with the kidneys, eyes and feet. It can also damage the blood vessels in your heart as well as the brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune reaction which means that your immune system attacks the pancreatic cells that produce insulin, and destroys them. This process can last for months or even for years before resulting in the complete absence of insulin.
People with type 1 diabetes require insulin every day. They also have to keep track of their blood sugar levels and adjust their food, insulin and activity levels in order to keep their blood sugar within an acceptable range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes your body isn’t producing insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone which helps your cells to remove blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells so that it can be used to create energy.
People suffering from type 2 diabetes must treat their condition by eating a balanced diet and exercise. They may also need to take medications to control their blood glucose levels.
Women with diabetes are more likely to experience symptoms
Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects people of all races and ethnic groups, ages, and genders. Women are more at risk than men.
Women who suffer from diabetes are more likely to experience complications, like heart disease (the most common complication associated with diabetes), and vision loss.
Polydipsia is a sign of warning for diabetes in women. This is due to diabetes causing excess sugar to build up in the blood, and the kidneys aren’t able filter it out in a proper manner.
Men who suffer from diabetes show signs
Diabetes is a condition in which cells are not able to use glucose (blood sugar) as energy source. This is usually due to the pancreas ceases to produce enough insulin.
This results in high blood sugar levels. The body then attempts to lower these levels by flushing out the excess glucose from your bloodstream via urine.
Patients with diabetes typically feel thirsty and need to drink large amounts of fluids. It can be as much as 4 liters a day.
Men may also experience weight loss as their muscles are broken down by their bodies for energy, instead of fat. This is due to their blood sugar levels stay high for long periods.
A healthy diet for diabetes can be an essential part of managing the condition. It can help you manage your blood sugar, manage your weight and reduce the risk of developing heart disease.
You should include whole food items in your diet, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Also, low-fat dairy products, beans, and legumes are good choices. It should be free of added sugars and saturated fats (unhealthy).
You may also need to limit the amount of sugar-sweetened drinks you consume. These drinks often have lots of sugar in them, which can lead to elevated blood sugar levels.
Your doctor might prescribe diabetes medication to keep your blood sugar (glucose) levels within a normal range. These medications are typically paired with lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise to help you manage your diabetes.
If your blood sugar is not being controlled by one medication, you might need to take a different medication. Your doctor can help you select the right medicine to meet your needs and preferences.
Newer medications, such as sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2 inhibitors as well as glucagon antagonists of the peptide-1 receptor, reduce blood sugar levels and provide benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, while reducing the risk of complications. They can also be beneficial for weight loss and come in both tablets and injections.