Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious disease which affects millions of people every year. It occurs when your body isn’t producing enough insulin, or when it’s not able to use the insulin it does produce effectively.
The good news is that it is treatable and prevented or delayed by diet, exercise and medications. It is also essential to be aware of the signs, so you can determine if there is a problem and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is an ongoing (long-lasting) health issue that affects the way your body turns food into energy. It occurs when your pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin or isn’t able to utilize it in a proper manner.
Insulin is the hormone that aids your body to absorb and utilize glucose, also referred to as sugar. People with type 2 diabetes don’t produce enough insulin or their bodies aren’t able to use it properly.
The blood sugar levels increase as time passes in both types of diabetes. This can cause issues in the feet, eyes and kidneys. It can also damage the coronary arteries and brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease, meaning that the body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells inside the pancreas. This process can take months or years until it eventually leads to an inability to produce insulin.
Insulin is needed by people who suffer from type 1 diabetes each day. They must also monitor their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food, and activity levels to keep their blood sugar within a healthy range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes the body isn’t making the insulin it needs to. Insulin is a hormone that helps your cells to remove blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells, where it can be used for energy.
Type 2 diabetics should exercise and adhere to a healthy diet. They also may need to take medications to manage their blood sugar levels.
Women with diabetes are afflicted with symptoms
It is a chronic illness that affects people from all races, ethnicities, ages and genders. However, women are at a higher risk than men.
Women with diabetes have a higher chance of developing complications than men, including heart disease (the most common diabetes complication) and loss of vision.
Polydipsia is one of the warning signs for women who suffer from diabetes. This is because diabetes causes excess sugar to build up in the blood, and the kidneys aren’t able get rid of it correctly.
Men with diabetes: Symptoms
Diabetes is a condition where cells are unable use glucose (blood sugar) as energy source. This is usually because the pancreas produces too little insulin.
This can lead to high blood glucose levels. The body tries to lower these levels by flushing excess glucose out of your bloodstream through urine.
People suffering from diabetes frequently experience thirst and require to drink large amounts of fluids, as much as four liters a day.
Men may also experience weight loss since their bodies break down muscle for energy, instead of fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar levels remain high for extended periods.
Developing a healthy diabetes diet is a key element in managing your diabetes. It can help manage blood sugar levels, manage weight and decrease the risk factors for heart disease.
Include whole foods in your diet, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Also, dairy products that are low in fat products such as beans, legumes, and beans are good choices. It should be free of added sugars and saturated fats (unhealthy).
You may want to limit your intake of sweetened drinks with sugar. These drinks are often packed with sugar which can cause blood sugar levels to rise.
Your doctor may suggest diabetic medications to help keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels within a normal range. These medications are typically paired with lifestyle changes such as eating habits and exercise to help control your diabetes.
If your blood sugar levels are not well controlled with one medication, you might require a second medication. Your doctor will guide you to pick the best medication for your personal preferences and needs.
Newer medications such as glucagon-like receptor antagonists for peptide-1 and sodium-glucose COtransporter-2 inhibitors decrease blood sugar levels, have cardiovascular and kidney benefits, and reduce the risk of complications. They are also useful for weight loss, and they come in both tablets and injections.