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Diabetes – What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a serious condition that affects millions each year. It is caused when the body fails to produce enough insulin or cannot make use of the insulin it produces effectively.

Diet, exercise and medication can help to prevent or delay the development of the disease. It is important to be aware of the signs, so you can tell whether you have a problem and seek treatment.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is an ongoing (long-lasting) health condition that affects how your body turns food into energy. It occurs when your pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin or isn’t able to utilize it in a proper manner.

Insulin is the hormone that aids your body absorb and utilize glucose, also known as sugar. People suffering from type 2 diabetes don’t make enough insulin or their bodies aren’t able to make it in a proper way.

In both forms of diabetes, the blood sugar levels get excessively high over time. This can lead to problems with your eyes, feet, and kidneys. It could also harm your heart arteries and brain.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is an auto-immune disease in which your body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells inside the pancreas. The destruction can take place over many months or even years and eventually lead to the absence of insulin completely.

Insulin is needed by people with type 1 diabetes every day. They also have to keep track of their blood glucose levels and adjust the insulin, food and activity levels to keep their blood sugar within a healthy range.

Type 2 diabetes

If you suffer from type 2 diabetes, your body is not making the insulin it needs to. Insulin is a hormone that aids your cells in moving glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells where it is used to create energy.

Type 2 diabetics must exercise and eat a healthy diet. They also may need to take medication to control their blood sugar levels.

Symptoms of diabetes in women

Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects people from all races, ethnicities, ages and genders. However women are at a higher risk than males.

Women with diabetes have a greater likelihood of developing complications than men, such as heart disease (the most commonly reported diabetes complication) and vision loss.

One of the early warning signs of diabetes in women is a rise in thirst and the frequency of urination, which is known as polydipsia. This is because diabetes can cause excess sugar to build up in your blood and kidneys are unable to remove it.

Diabetes in men Men: Symptoms

In diabetes the cells are unable make use of blood sugar (glucose) to produce energy. This is usually due to the pancreas stops producing enough insulin.

This can lead to elevated blood sugar levels. Your body will then try to lower the level by flushing the excess glucose from your bloodstream via urine.

People who have diabetes often experience thirst and require to drink large amounts of fluids, up to four liters per day.

Men may also experience weight loss as their bodies break down muscle to make energy instead of fat. This is because their blood sugar levels are high for extended periods.

Diabetes diet

Developing a healthy diabetes diet is a crucial aspect of managing your condition. It can help control blood sugar levels, manage weight and reduce the risk factors that can lead to heart disease.

Your diet should comprise plenty of whole foods, such as fruits vegetables, whole grains as well as beans and dairy that is low in fat. It should be low in added sugars and saturated fats (unhealthy).

You may want to limit your intake of drinks sweetened with sugar. These drinks typically contain lots of sugar that can cause elevated blood sugar levels.

Diabetes medications

Your doctor may recommend diabetic medications to help keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in the normal range. These medicines are usually combined with lifestyle changes, such as eating habits and exercise to help you manage your diabetes.

If your blood sugar levels are not being adequately controlled with one medicine, you may need to add a second medication. Your doctor will assist you to pick the most appropriate medicine to meet your needs and preferences.

Newer medicines like glucagon-like receptor antagonists for peptide-1 and sodium-glucose inhibitors that lower blood sugar, have kidney and cardiovascular benefits and lower the risk of complications. They are also beneficial for weight loss and are available in tablet and injectable forms.