Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a terribly debilitating disease that is affecting millions of people each year. It happens when the body does not produce enough insulin or utilize the insulin it has effectively.
Exercise, diet and medications can help prevent or delay the disease. It’s also important to be aware of symptoms to be able to tell what’s wrong and get treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic health problem (long-lasting), which alters how your body converts food into energy. It occurs when the pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin or fails to use it correctly.
Insulin is the hormone that helps your body absorb and utilize glucose, also referred to as sugar. Type 2 diabetics don’t make enough insulin or aren’t able to utilize it properly.
The blood sugar levels increase over time in both kinds of diabetes. This can lead to problems with the eyes, feet, and kidneys. It can also damage the blood vessels in your heart as well as the brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition in which your body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cell in the pancreas. The destruction can take place over many years or months, eventually leading to an inability to produce insulin.
Insulin is required by people who suffer from type 1 diabetes each day. They also must monitor their blood sugar levels and adjust their the levels of insulin, food and activity levels in order to keep their blood glucose within an acceptable range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes the body isn’t using insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells in moving glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells which is then used to create energy.
People suffering from type 2 diabetes must treat their condition through a healthy diet and regular exercise. They also may need to take medication to manage their blood sugar levels.
Women with diabetes are more likely to experience symptoms
Diabetes is a chronic illness that affects people of all races, ethnicities, ages and genders. However women are at a higher risk than men.
Women who suffer from diabetes have a higher chance of developing complications compared to men, such as heart disease (the most frequent diabetes complication) and vision loss.
One of the early signs of women with diabetes is a rise in thirst and urination, called polydipsia. This is because diabetes causes excess sugar to build up in your blood and your kidneys don’t have the capacity to remove it properly.
Men with diabetes Men: Symptoms
In diabetes, cells are unable to use blood sugar (glucose) to produce energy. This is typically because the pancreas is producing too little insulin.
This can lead to high blood glucose levels. Your body then tries to lower these levels by flushing the excess glucose from your bloodstream through urine.
People suffering from diabetes frequently have a thirsty feeling and must drink large quantities of fluids, up to 4 liters a day.
Men can also experience weight loss as their bodies break down muscle for energy instead of fat. This is because their blood sugar levels are high for extended periods.
A balanced diet for diabetes can be an essential part of managing the condition. It can help you control blood sugar, control your weight, and reduce heart disease risk factors.
Your diet should comprise plenty of whole foods, including fruits, whole grains, vegetables as well as beans and dairy that is low in fat. It should be free of saturated fats and sugars as well as added sugars (unhealthy).
You may also need to limit the amount of sugar-sweetened beverages you consume. These drinks are typically packed with sugar, which can cause blood sugar levels to rise.
Your doctor might prescribe diabetes medication to keep your blood sugar (glucose) levels within an acceptable range. These medications are typically combined with lifestyle changes, like eating habits and physical activity to manage the condition.
If your blood sugar levels aren’t controlled on one medicine it is possible that a different medicine will be added. Your doctor will help you choose the best medicine to suit your preferences and needs.
Newer medicines like glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists and sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors reduce blood sugar levels, offer cardiovascular and kidney benefits, and lower the risk of complications. They can also be beneficial for weight loss, and they come in both tablets and injections.