Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious condition which affects millions of people every year. It is caused when the body fails to make enough insulin or make use of the insulin it does have effectively.
Exercise, diet and medications can all help in preventing or delaying the disease. It is also essential to know the symptoms, so you can identify if there is a problem and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) health condition that affects the way your body transforms food into energy. It happens when the pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin or isn’t able to properly use it.
Insulin is the hormone that helps your body to absorb and utilize glucose, also referred to as sugar. People with type 2 diabetes don’t make enough insulin or their bodies aren’t able to make it in a proper way.
In both types of diabetes, blood sugar levels can become excessively high over time. This can cause issues in the kidneys, eyes and feet. It could also harm the heart and brain arteries as well as your brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an auto-immune disease which means that the body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cell in the pancreas. This destruction can occur over months or even for years until it leads to the complete absence of insulin.
Insulin is required by people with type 1 diabetes every day. They must also monitor their blood glucose levels and adjust their food, insulin and activity levels to keep their blood sugar within a healthy range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you have type 2 the body isn’t making the insulin it needs to. Insulin is a hormone which helps your cells get blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells where it can be used for energy.
Type 2 diabetics need to exercise and eat a balanced diet. They might also need to take medication to control their blood sugar levels.
Signs of women having diabetes
Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects people of all races, ethnicities, and genders. Women are more at risk than men.
Women who suffer from diabetes are more likely to experience complications, such as heart disease (the most frequent complication of diabetes) and loss of vision.
One of the early signs of diabetes in women is a higher thirst and increased urinary frequency, also known as polydipsia. This is because diabetes can create excess sugar in your bloodstream and your kidneys are not able to remove it.
Diabetes in men: Symptoms
In diabetes the cells are unable use blood sugar (glucose) to generate energy. This is usually because the pancreas stops producing enough insulin.
This results in elevated blood sugar levels. Your body will then attempt to lower the levels by flushing the excess glucose in your bloodstream via urine.
People who have diabetes often are thirsty and have to drink large quantities of fluids. This can be up to 4 liters a day.
Men also may lose weight since their bodies make use of muscle for energy rather than fat. This is due to their blood sugar levels stay high for long periods.
Making a balanced diabetes diet is an important part of managing your diabetes. It can help control blood sugar levels control weight and reduce the risk factors that can lead to heart disease.
Your diet should consist of a wide range of whole foods, such as fruits vegetables, whole grains beans, low-fat dairy and legumes. It should be free of saturated fats and sugars as well as added sugars (unhealthy).
You may also be able to reduce the amount of sugar-sweetened beverages you consume. These drinks are usually high in sugar which can cause blood sugar levels in the body to increase.
Your doctor may prescribe diabetic medications to help keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels within an acceptable range. These medications are typically combined with lifestyle changes, such as exercise and diet to help you manage your diabetes.
If your blood sugar levels aren’t managed by one medication then a second medication could be added. Your doctor will work with you to determine the best medicine for your requirements and preferences.
Newer medications, like sodium-glucose -cotransporter-2 inhibitors, and glucagon antagonists of the peptide-1 receptors, lower blood sugar and offer benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, while reducing the risk of complications. They also help with weight loss and are available in tablet and injection forms.