Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious disease which affects millions of people every year. It is caused when your body isn’t producing enough insulin, or when it can’t use the insulin it does produce effectively.
The good news is that it can be cured and can be treated or delayed through diet, exercise and medication. It is also crucial to know the symptoms, so you can tell whether there is a problem and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is an ongoing (long-lasting) health issue that affects the way your body transforms food into energy. It happens when your pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin or can’t use it as effectively as it should.
Insulin is the hormone that helps your body absorb and use glucose, also known as sugar. People suffering from type 2 diabetes aren’t able to make enough insulin or their bodies aren’t able to make it work properly.
In both forms of diabetes, the blood sugar levels are too high over time. This can cause problems with your eyes, feet, and kidneys. It may also damage the heart and brain arteries as well as your brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder and means that your body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. This destruction can occur over months or even years before resulting in an absence of insulin.
Insulin is required by those with type 1 diabetes every day. They also need to monitor their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food, and levels of exercise to keep their blood sugar in the healthy range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes, your body is not producing insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells get blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells, where it can be used as energy.
People suffering from type 2 diabetes have to manage their condition by consuming a balanced diet and regular exercise. They may also need to take medication to control their blood glucose levels.
Symptoms of diabetes in women
Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects people from all races, ethnicities, ages and genders. However, women are at a higher risk than men.
Women with diabetes are more prone to develop complications, including heart disease (the most common diabetes-related complication) and loss of vision.
Polydipsia is one of the warning signs for diabetes in women. This is because diabetes causes excessive sugar to accumulate in the bloodstream and the kidneys aren’t able get rid of it properly.
Men with diabetes Men: Symptoms
Diabetes is a condition that occurs when cells are unable to use glucose (blood sugar) for energy. This is typically due to the fact that the pancreas produces insufficient insulin.
This can lead to high blood glucose levels. The body then attempts to lower these levels by flushing out the excess glucose in your bloodstream via urine.
Patients with diabetes typically are thirsty and have to drink large amounts of fluids. This can be up to four liters per day.
Men may also experience weight loss because their muscles are broken down by their bodies for energy instead of fat. This is because blood sugar levels remain elevated for long periods.
The development of a healthy diabetes diet is an important part of managing your condition. It can help you manage your blood sugar levels, manage your weight and reduce heart disease risk factors.
You should include whole food items in your diet, like fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Also, low-fat dairy products as well as legumes, beans and beans are good choices. It should also be low in saturated (unhealthy) fat and added sugars.
You might want to limit your intake of beverages sweetened with sugar. These drinks are often high in sugar, which can cause blood sugar levels to increase.
Your doctor might recommend diabetes medications to keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels within the normal range. These medications are usually combined with changes to your lifestyle, such as eating habits and physical activity to manage the condition.
If your blood sugar levels are not being managed well with one medication, you might need to take a different medication. Your doctor will assist you to select the most appropriate medicine to meet your needs and preferences.
Newer medicines like glucagon-like receptor agonists for peptide-1 as well as sodium-glucose inhibitors that lower blood sugar, have kidney and cardiovascular benefits and reduce the risk of complications. They can also be beneficial for weight loss, and are available in tablet and injection forms.