Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a terribly debilitating disease that is affecting millions of people each year. It is caused when the body is unable to make enough insulin or utilize the insulin it has effectively.
The good news is that it can be cured and prevented or delayed by diet, exercise and medications. It’s also crucial to be aware of the symptoms to know if something is wrong and get treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic illness (long-lasting), which alters how your body converts food into energy. It occurs when your pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin or isn’t able to use it as well as it should.
Insulin is a hormone that assists cells absorb and utilize sugar, which is called glucose. Type 2 diabetics don’t produce enough insulin or cannot use it effectively.
The blood sugar levels rise as time passes in both types of diabetes. This can cause problems with the eyes, kidneys and feet. It can also harm the blood vessels in your heart as well as the brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition in which the body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells inside the pancreas. The destruction can take place over months or years, eventually leading to the complete absence of insulin.
Insulin is needed by people who suffer from type 1 diabetes each day. They also have to keep track of their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food, and levels of exercise to maintain their blood sugar within a healthy range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes your body may not use insulin the way it should. Insulin is a hormonal substance that aids in the movement of glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells which is then used as energy.
Type 2 diabetics must exercise and follow a healthy diet. They may also have to take medication to regulate their blood glucose levels.
Signs of women having diabetes
Diabetes is a chronic illness that affects people from all races, ethnicities and genders. Women are more susceptible than men.
Women with diabetes have a higher chance of developing complications compared to men, such as heart disease (the most frequent complication of diabetes) and loss of vision.
Polydipsia is a warning sign for women suffering from diabetes. This is because diabetes can cause excess sugar to accumulate in your bloodstream and kidneys can’t remove it.
The signs of diabetes in men
In the case of diabetes it is when cells are unable use blood sugar (glucose) to produce energy. This is typically because the pancreas ceases to produce enough insulin.
This leads to high blood sugar levels. Your body will then try to lower the levels by flushing the excess glucose in your bloodstream through urine.
Diabetes patients are often thirsty, and need to drink a lot of fluids.
The men may also shed weight as their bodies make use of muscles to generate energy, not fat. This is due to the fact that the blood sugar level stays high for long periods of time.
A healthy diabetes diet is an important aspect of managing the condition. It can help you control blood sugar levels control weight and reduce risk factors for heart disease.
It is important to include whole foods in your diet, like fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Also, dairy products that are low in fat products, beans, and legumes are a good choice. It should be free of saturated (unhealthy) fats and added sugars.
You might also need to limit the amount of sugar-sweetened beverages you consume. These drinks typically contain plenty of sugar which can result in elevated blood sugar levels.
Your doctor may recommend diabetes medications to keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in the normal range. These drugs are often paired with lifestyle changes, such as eating habits and physical activity to help manage the condition.
If your blood sugar levels aren’t managed on one medication it is possible that a different medicine will be added. Your doctor will help you determine the most appropriate medicine for your preferences and needs.
Newer drugs like glucagonlike receptor agonists for peptide-1 as well as sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors reduce blood sugar levels, offer kidney and cardiovascular benefits and lower the risk of complications. They can also be beneficial for weight loss and are available in injectable and tablet forms.