Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious condition that affects millions of people each year. It occurs when your body doesn’t produce enough insulin, or when it’s not able to use the insulin it does produce effectively.
The good news is that it is curable and can be avoided or delayed with diet, exercise and medication. It is important to recognize the signs to determine whether you are suffering from a condition and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) health issue that affects the way your body converts food into energy. It occurs when the pancreas stops producing enough insulin or isn’t able to use it as well as it should.
Insulin is a hormone that helps cells absorb and utilize sugar, which is known as glucose. Type 2 diabetics do not produce enough insulin, or their bodies aren’t able to use it effectively.
The blood sugar levels rise with time in both forms of diabetes. This can lead to issues with your eyes, kidneys and feet. It can also harm the blood vessels in your heart as well as the brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an auto-immune disease and means that your body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cell in the pancreas. This destruction can happen over months or even years before eventually resulting in the total absence of insulin.
Type 1 diabetics must take insulin each day. They also must monitor their blood sugar levels and adjust their food, insulin and activity levels in order to keep their blood sugar within the healthy range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes the body does not utilize insulin in the way it should. Insulin is a hormone that helps your cells remove blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells so that it can be used to create energy.
People with type 2 diabetes must treat their condition through a healthy diet and regular exercise. They may also have to take medication to manage their blood glucose levels.
Women with diabetes are afflicted with symptoms
Diabetes is a chronic illness that affects all races, ethnic groups, ages, and genders. However women are at greater risk than men.
Women with diabetes have a greater chance of developing complications compared to men, including heart disease (the most frequent diabetes complication) and vision loss.
Polydipsia can be a warning sign for diabetes in women. This is because diabetes can cause excess sugar to accumulate in your blood and your kidneys are not able to eliminate it.
Diabetes in men The signs and symptoms
Diabetes is a disease in which cells are not able to use glucose (blood sugar) as energy. This usually happens because the pancreas produces insufficient insulin.
This can lead to high blood sugar levels. Your body will then try to lower these levels by flushing the excess glucose in your bloodstream through urine.
Diabetes patients are frequently thirsty, and need to drink a lot of fluids.
Men may also experience weight loss as their bodies break down muscle to make energy, instead of fat. This is due to the fact that the blood sugar level stays high for extended periods of time.
Developing a healthy diabetes diet is a key element in managing your condition. It can help you control blood sugar levels, control your weight, and reduce the risk of developing heart disease.
Your diet should consist of plenty of whole food items, including fruits vegetables, whole grains beans, and low-fat dairy. It should be free of saturated fats and sugars as well as added sugars (unhealthy).
You may need to limit your consumption of sweetened drinks with sugar. These drinks typically contain lots of sugar in them that can cause elevated blood sugar levels.
Your doctor may recommend diabetes medications to keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in the normal range. These drugs are often paired with lifestyle changes, such as exercise and diet to help manage the condition.
If your blood sugar levels aren’t well managed by one medication, a second medicine might be added. Your doctor can help you choose the best medicine for your preferences and needs.
Newer medications, such as sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors and glucagon-like antagonists of the peptide-1 receptor, reduce blood sugar and offer benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, as well as decreasing the risk of developing complications. They’re also helpful for weight loss and are available in tablet and injectable forms.