Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious illness that affects millions of people every year. It is caused because the body doesn’t produce enough insulin or use the insulin that it does have effectively.
The good news is that it can be treated and can be treated or delayed through diet, exercise and medications. It is important to recognize the signs so you can tell whether you are suffering from a condition and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) disease that affects the way your body converts food into energy. It happens when your pancreas does not produce enough insulin or is unable to utilize it in a proper manner.
Insulin is the hormone that helps your body absorb and utilize glucose, also referred to as sugar. Type 2 diabetics don’t make enough insulin or their bodies aren’t able to use it in a proper way.
In both forms of diabetes, the blood sugar levels can become excessively high over time. This can cause problems with your feet, eyes, and kidneys. It may also damage your brain and heart arteries.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder which means that your body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cell in the pancreas. The destruction can take place over months or even years until it leads to an absence of insulin.
Insulin is required by people who suffer from type 1 diabetes each day. They also must monitor their blood glucose levels and adjust their food, insulin and activity levels to keep their blood glucose within an acceptable range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes your body may not make use of insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone which helps your cells to remove blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells so that it can be used to create energy.
Type 2 diabetes sufferers have to manage their condition through a healthy diet and regular exercise. They may also need to take medication to control their blood sugar levels.
Signs of women having diabetes
Diabetes is a chronic illness that affects people of all races and ethnic groups, ages, and genders. Women are at higher risk than men.
Women with diabetes are more prone to suffer from complications, such as heart disease (the most frequent complication of diabetes), and vision loss.
Polydipsia is a warning sign for diabetes in women. This is because diabetes causes excessive sugar to accumulate in the blood, and your kidneys aren’t able to remove it in a proper manner.
The signs of diabetes in men
In the case of diabetes, cells are unable to use blood sugar (glucose) to generate energy. This is typically because the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin.
This can result in high blood glucose levels. Your body will then attempt to lower these levels by flushing the excess glucose in your bloodstream through urine.
Diabetes patients are frequently thirsty, and they have to drink plenty of fluids.
Men can also experience weight loss because their bodies break down muscle for energy, instead of fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar levels are high for long periods.
A healthy diet for diabetes is an important aspect of managing the condition. It can help you manage your blood sugar levels, manage your weight, and lower risk factors for heart disease.
Include whole foods in your diet, like fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Also, low-fat dairy products and legumes are good choices. It should be low in saturated fats and sugars as well as added sugars (unhealthy).
You may also need to limit the amount of sugar-sweetened drinks you consume. These drinks are often high in sugar which can cause blood sugar levels to rise.
Your doctor might recommend diabetic medications to help keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in a normal range. These medicines are usually combined with lifestyle changes, such as exercising and diet to help control your diabetes.
If your blood sugar levels aren’t well controlled by one medicine then a second medication could be added. Your doctor will work with you to pick the most appropriate medicine for your requirements and preferences.
Newer medicines, such as sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors and glucagon-like antagonists for the peptide-1 receptor, decrease blood sugar and offer benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, while decreasing the chance of developing complications. They’re also helpful for weight loss and are available in tablet and injectable forms.