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Diabetes – What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a serious illness which affects millions of people every year. It occurs when the body is unable to produce enough insulin or make use of the insulin it has effectively.

Diet, exercise and medication can help prevent or delay the progression of the disease. It is also crucial to understand the symptoms so you can tell if there is a problem and seek treatment.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is an ongoing (long-lasting) health condition that affects how your body transforms food into energy. It occurs when your pancreas isn’t producing enough insulin or fails to use it properly.

Insulin is a hormone that assists cells absorb and utilize sugar, which is called glucose. People suffering from type 2 diabetes don’t produce enough insulin or their bodies aren’t able to make it in a proper way.

In both types of diabetes, the blood sugar levels can become too high in time. This can cause issues with the eyes, feet and kidneys. It could also harm the heart and brain arteries as well as your brain.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder in which the body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cell in the pancreas. This destruction can occur over several months or even years until it leads to the absence of insulin completely.

Insulin is needed by people with type 1 diabetes every day. They must also monitor their blood glucose levels and adjust their the levels of insulin, food and activity levels in order to keep their blood glucose within an acceptable range.

Type 2 diabetes

If you have type 2 your body isn’t producing insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells in moving glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells, which can then be used as energy.

People with type 2 diabetes must treat their condition with a healthy diet and regular exercise. They may also need to take medication to manage their blood sugar levels.

Women with diabetes are afflicted with symptoms

Diabetes is a chronic illness that affects people of all races and ethnicities as well as ages and genders. Women are at greater risk than males.

Women with diabetes have a higher likelihood of developing complications than men, such as heart disease (the most commonly reported diabetes complication) and vision loss.

Polydipsia is a warning sign for diabetes in women. This is because diabetes can result in excess sugar accumulation in your bloodstream and kidneys are unable to eliminate it.

Diabetes in men Men: Symptoms

In the case of diabetes it is when cells are unable use blood sugar (glucose) to generate energy. This is typically because the pancreas produces insufficient insulin.

This results in elevated blood sugar levels. The body tries to reduce these levels by flushing the excess glucose out of your bloodstream via urine.

Diabetes patients are frequently thirsty, and they need to drink lots of fluids.

Men also may shed weight as their bodies make use of muscles to generate energy, not fat. This is due to the fact that the blood sugar level stays high for prolonged periods of time.

Diabetes diet

A healthy diet with a low-carbohydrate diet can be a key part of managing the condition. It can help you control blood sugar levels, manage weight and decrease the risk factors for heart disease.

Your diet should include plenty of whole food items, including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, beans and low-fat dairy. It should be low in added sugars and saturated fats (unhealthy).

You may also be able to reduce the amount of sweetened drinks with sugar you consume. These drinks often have plenty of sugar that can cause high blood sugar levels.

Diabetes medications

Your doctor might prescribe diabetes medications to keep your blood sugar (glucose) levels within an acceptable range. These medications are usually combined with lifestyle changes, such as exercise and diet to manage diabetes.

If your blood sugar levels are not being adequately controlled with one medication, you may require a second medication. Your doctor will help you pick the best medication to suit your preferences and needs.

Newer medications, like sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors and glucagon-like antagonists of the peptide-1 receptor, reduce blood sugar levels and provide benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, while decreasing the risk of complications. They also aid in weight loss and are available in injectable and tablet forms.