Atorvastatin Side Effects Blood Sugar

Diabetes – What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a terribly debilitating disease that affects millions of people every year. It occurs when the body fails to produce enough insulin or make use of the insulin it does have effectively.

The good news is that it can be treated and can be prevented or delayed by diet, exercise and medications. It is important to understand the symptoms so you can determine if there is a problem and seek treatment.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) disease that affects how your body transforms food into energy. It occurs when your pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin or fails to use it correctly.

Insulin is the hormone that aids your body to absorb and utilize glucose, also referred to as sugar. People with type 2 diabetes don’t produce enough insulin or their bodies aren’t able to use it properly.

The blood sugar levels increase with time in both forms of diabetes. This can lead to issues in the kidneys, eyes and feet. It can also cause damage to the heart and brain arteries as well as your brain.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which your body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells inside the pancreas. The destruction can happen over months or even for years and eventually lead to an absence of insulin.

People with type 1 diabetes require insulin every day. They also must monitor their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food and activity levels in order to keep their blood glucose within a healthy range.

Type 2 diabetes

If you have type 2 the body isn’t using insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone that helps your cells take blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells, where it can be used for energy.

People with type 2 diabetes have to manage their condition by consuming a balanced diet and exercise. They may also need to take medication to control their blood sugar levels.

Signs of diabetes in women

Diabetes is a chronic illness that affects all races, ethnic groups, ages, and genders. However women are at a higher risk than males.

Women with diabetes are more prone to develop complications, like heart disease (the most common complication associated with diabetes), and vision loss.

Polydipsia is one of the warning signs for women who suffer from diabetes. This is due to diabetes causing excessive sugar to accumulate in the bloodstream and the kidneys aren’t able get rid of it effectively.

Men with diabetes: Symptoms

Diabetes is a disease in which cells are unable use glucose (blood sugar) to generate energy. This is usually due to the pancreas stops producing enough insulin.

This can lead to high blood glucose levels. The body then attempts to lower the levels by flushing the excess glucose in your bloodstream via urine.

Patients with diabetes typically have a thirsty feeling and must drink large quantities of fluids. It can be as much as four liters a day.

Men may be able to experience weight loss too as their muscles are broken down by their bodies for energy, instead of fat. This is because their blood sugar levels remain high for extended periods.

Diabetes diet

A balanced diet for diabetes is a crucial aspect of managing the condition. It can help regulate blood sugar levels control weight and reduce risk factors for heart disease.

Your diet should consist of a wide range of whole foods, including fruits, vegetables, whole grains beans, and low-fat dairy. It should be low in saturated fats and sugars as well as added sugars (unhealthy).

You may be advised to limit your consumption of beverages sweetened with sugar. These drinks often have plenty of sugar and can cause elevated blood sugar levels.

Diabetes medications

Your doctor may prescribe diabetes medications to help keep your blood sugar (glucose) levels within the normal range. These medications are typically paired with lifestyle changes such as exercising and diet to help you manage your diabetes.

If your blood sugar levels are not being managed well with one medication, you may require a second medication. Your doctor can help you pick the best medication to meet your needs and preferences.

Newer medications, such as sodium-glucose -cotransporter-2 inhibitors, and glucagon antagonists of the peptide-1 receptor, reduce blood sugar and have benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, as well as reducing the risk of developing complications. They are also beneficial for weight loss and are available in tablet and injectable forms.