Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a terribly debilitating disease that affects millions of people every year. It is caused when the body is unable to produce enough insulin or utilize the insulin it produces effectively.
The good news is that it is curable and avoided or delayed with diet, exercise and medication. It’s also crucial to be aware of symptoms to know if something is wrong and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) health issue that affects how your body transforms food into energy. It occurs when your pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin or fails to use it properly.
Insulin is a hormone that helps cells absorb and utilize sugar, which is known as glucose. Type 2 diabetics don’t produce enough insulin, or their bodies aren’t able to use it properly.
The blood sugar levels increase over time in both types of diabetes. This can lead to problems with your feet, eyes and kidneys. It may also damage your brain and heart arteries.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune reaction, which means that your immune system attacks the insulin-producing pancreatic cells and destroys them. This process can take many years or months until it eventually leads to the total absence of insulin.
People suffering from type 1 diabetes must take insulin each day. They also need to monitor their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food and levels of exercise to keep their blood sugar within an acceptable range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes your body may not make insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells in moving glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells, where it is utilized to generate energy.
People with type 2 diabetes must treat their condition by eating a balanced diet and regular exercise. They may also need to take medications to control their blood sugar levels.
Signs of diabetes in women
Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects all races and ethnic groups, ages, and genders. Women are at greater risk than men.
Women with diabetes are more prone to suffer from complications, such as heart disease (the most common complication associated with diabetes) and loss of vision.
One of the first signs of women suffering from diabetes is a higher thirst and increased the frequency of urination, which is known as polydipsia. This is because diabetes can create excess sugar in your bloodstream and kidneys can’t eliminate it.
Diabetes in men: Symptoms
In diabetes, cells are unable to use blood sugar (glucose) for energy. This usually happens because the pancreas is producing too little insulin.
This can lead to elevated blood sugar levels. Your body attempts to reduce these levels by flushing the excess glucose out of your bloodstream via urine.
People with diabetes are typically thirsty, and they need to drink a lot of fluids.
Men can be able to experience weight loss too as their muscles are broken down by their bodies for energy, instead of fat. This is because their blood sugar levels stay high for prolonged periods of time.
Developing a healthy diabetes diet is a vital aspect of managing your condition. It can help regulate blood sugar levels, manage weight and reduce the risk factors for heart diseases.
It is important to include whole foods in your diet, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Also, dairy products that are low in fat products as well as legumes, beans and beans are great choices. It should also be low in saturated (unhealthy) fats and added sugars.
You might also want to limit the amount of drinks that contain sugar you consume. These drinks typically contain a lot of sugar in them and can cause high blood sugar levels.
Your doctor may prescribe diabetes medication to keep your blood sugar (glucose) levels within an acceptable range. These medications are typically used with lifestyle changes like exercising and diet to help manage your diabetes.
If your blood sugar levels are not being adequately controlled with one medication, you might need to add a second medication. Your doctor will guide you to determine the most appropriate medicine for your preferences and needs.
Newer medications such as glucagon-like receptor agonists, peptide-1, and sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors reduce blood sugar levels, have kidney and cardiovascular benefits, and reduce the risk of complications. They are also useful for weight loss and are available in tablet and injection forms.