Average Blood Sugar 138 A1C

Diabetes – What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a serious illness that affects millions of people every year. It occurs when the body is unable to produce enough insulin or cannot make use of the insulin it has effectively.

Diet, exercise and medication can help to prevent or delay the progression of the disease. It’s also crucial to be aware of the symptoms so you can tell whether something is wrong and seek treatment.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) health condition that affects how your body converts food into energy. It happens when your pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin or is unable to utilize it in a proper manner.

Insulin is the hormone that helps your body absorb and utilize glucose, also referred to as sugar. Type 2 diabetics don’t make enough insulin or their bodies are unable to use it correctly.

In both forms of diabetes, the blood sugar levels get too high in time. This can cause issues with your feet, eyes, and kidneys. It can also cause damage to the heart and brain arteries as well as your brain.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is an auto-immune disease and means that your body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cell in the pancreas. This destruction can happen over several years or even decades until it eventually leads to the complete absence of insulin.

Insulin is required by those with type 1 diabetes all day. They also have to keep track of their blood glucose levels and adjust their insulin, food and activity levels in order to keep their blood glucose within the healthy range.

Type 2 diabetes

If you have type 2 your body isn’t producing insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone that helps your cells to remove blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells, where it can be used as energy.

Type 2 diabetics should exercise and eat a healthy diet. They may also have to take medication to control their blood glucose levels.

Women with diabetes are more likely to experience symptoms

Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects people of all races, ethnicities and genders. Women are more at risk than males.

Women who suffer from diabetes are more likely to suffer from complications, including heart disease (the most frequent complication of diabetes) and loss of vision.

Polydipsia is a warning sign for women with diabetes. This is because diabetes can result in excess sugar accumulation in your blood and your kidneys are not able to filter it out.

Men who suffer from diabetes show signs

Diabetes is a condition in which cells are unable use glucose (blood sugar) as energy source. This is typically because the pancreas ceases to produce enough insulin.

This can lead to high blood sugar levels. The body then attempts to lower the level by flushing the excess glucose from your bloodstream through urine.

Patients with diabetes are usually thirsty, and they have to drink plenty of fluids.

The men may also lose weight since their bodies utilize muscles to generate energy, not fat. This is because blood sugar levels remain high for long periods.

Diabetes diet

A healthy diet with a low-carbohydrate diet is a crucial aspect of managing the condition. It can help manage blood sugar levels control weight and reduce the risk factors that can lead to heart disease.

Your diet should consist of plenty of whole foods like fruits vegetables, whole grains beans, and low-fat dairy. It should be free of added sugars and saturated fats (unhealthy).

You may be advised to limit your consumption of sweetened drinks with sugar. These drinks often have lots of sugar in them which can result in elevated blood sugar levels.

Diabetes medication

Your doctor may prescribe diabetes medications to keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels within an acceptable range. These drugs are often paired with lifestyle changes, such as eating habits and physical activity to help manage the condition.

If your blood sugar is not being controlled by one medicine, you may need to add a second medication. Your doctor will help you pick the best medication to meet your needs and preferences.

Newer medicines like glucagon-like receptor agonists, peptide-1, and sodium-glucose COtransporter-2 inhibitors decrease blood sugar levels, offer kidney and cardiovascular benefits and reduce the risk of complications. They’re also helpful for weight loss and are available in injectable and tablet forms.