Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious disease that affects millions of people every year. It is caused because the body doesn’t produce enough insulin or utilize the insulin it produces effectively.
The good news is that it is curable and can be treated or delayed through diet, exercise and medications. It’s also crucial to be aware of symptoms to be able to tell whether something is wrong and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic health problem (long-lasting) that alters how your body converts food into energy. It occurs when your pancreas isn’t producing enough insulin or isn’t able to properly use it.
Insulin is the hormone that aids your body to absorb and utilize glucose, also referred to as sugar. Type 2 diabetics do not produce enough insulin or aren’t able to utilize it effectively.
In both types of diabetes, blood sugar levels become too high over time. This can lead to problems with your eyes, feet, and kidneys. It can also cause damage to the heart and brain arteries as well as your brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune reaction which means that your immune system attacks insulin-producing pancreatic cells and destroys them. The destruction can take place over several years or even decades until it eventually leads to an inability to produce insulin.
Insulin is a requirement for people who suffer from type 1 diabetes each day. They must also monitor their blood glucose levels and adjust the insulin, food and activity levels to keep their blood glucose within the healthy range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you have type 2 diabetes, your body does not make insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormonal substance that aids in the movement of glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells which can then be used as energy.
People suffering from type 2 diabetes have to manage their condition through a healthy diet and exercise. They may also need to take medication to control their blood sugar levels.
Signs of women having diabetes
It is a chronic illness that affects people of all races, ethnicities, and genders. However women are at a greater risk than men.
Women with diabetes have a higher likelihood of developing complications than men, such as heart disease (the most frequent diabetes complication) and vision loss.
One of the first signs of diabetes in women is a rise in thirst and urine, a condition known as polydipsia. This is because diabetes causes excess sugar to build up in the bloodstream and your kidneys aren’t able to get rid of it effectively.
Diabetes in men The signs and symptoms
In diabetes it is when cells are unable make use of blood sugar (glucose) to generate energy. This is typically due to the fact that the pancreas does not produce enough insulin.
This leads to high blood sugar levels. Your body will then attempt to lower these levels by flushing the excess glucose from your bloodstream through urine.
People with diabetes are typically thirsty, and they need to drink a lot of fluids.
Men also may lose weight as their bodies use muscles for energy instead of fat. This is because their blood sugar levels remain high for prolonged periods of time.
A healthy diet for diabetes is a crucial aspect of managing the condition. It can help you control blood sugar levels, manage weight and reduce the risk factors for heart disease.
You should include whole foods in your diet, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Also, dairy products that are low in fat products such as beans, legumes, and beans are good choices. It should be low in added sugars and saturated fats (unhealthy).
You may need to limit your consumption of sweetened drinks with sugar. These drinks are often high in sugar which can cause blood sugar levels to rise.
Your doctor may recommend diabetes medications to keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in a normal range. These medications are often combined with lifestyle changes, such as eating habits and physical activity to help manage diabetes.
If your blood sugar levels aren’t controlled by one medicine another medicine could be added. Your doctor will assist you select the right medicine to suit your preferences and needs.
Newer medications, like sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2 inhibitors and glucagon like antagonists for the peptide-1 receptor, decrease blood sugar levels and are beneficial for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, while decreasing the chance of developing complications. They also aid in weight loss, and come in both tablets and injections.