Average Blood Sugar By A1C

Diabetes – What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a serious condition that affects millions of people every year. It occurs when your body doesn’t produce enough insulin, or it’s not able to use the insulin it does have effectively.

The good news is that it is curable and prevented or delayed with diet, exercise and medications. It’s important to be aware of the symptoms to know whether something is wrong and seek treatment.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic health problem (long-lasting), which impacts the way your body converts food into energy. It occurs when the pancreas stops making enough insulin, or fails to use it as well as it should.

Insulin is the hormone that helps your body to absorb and utilize glucose, also known as sugar. People suffering from type 2 diabetes don’t produce enough insulin or their bodies don’t utilize it correctly.

The blood sugar levels rise as time passes in both types of diabetes. This can lead to problems in the kidneys, eyes and feet. It can also damage the heart and brain arteries as well as your brain.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune reaction, which means that your immune system attacks pancreatic cells that produce insulin, and destroys them. This destruction can happen over several years or even decades until it eventually leads to an inability to produce insulin.

Insulin is required by people with type 1 diabetes every day. They also need to monitor their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food and activity levels to maintain their blood sugar within the healthy range.

Type 2 diabetes

If you suffer from type 2 diabetes your body may not make use of insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone that helps your cells to remove blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells, where it can be used as energy.

People suffering from type 2 diabetes have to manage their condition with a healthy diet and regular exercise. They may also need to take medications to control their blood glucose levels.

The signs of diabetes in women

Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects all races as well as ethnic groups and ages as well as genders. Women are more at risk than men.

Women with diabetes are more likely to suffer from complications, like heart disease (the most common diabetes-related complication) and loss of vision.

One of the first signs of women with diabetes is a rise in thirst and the frequency of urination, which is known as polydipsia. This is because diabetes can cause excess sugar to accumulate in your bloodstream, and your kidneys cannot remove it.

Diabetes in men The signs and symptoms

Diabetes is a condition where cells are not able to use glucose (blood sugar) for energy. This usually happens because the pancreas stops producing enough insulin.

This can result in high blood glucose levels. Your body then tries to lower these levels by flushing the excess glucose out of your bloodstream via urine.

People suffering from diabetes frequently feel thirsty and need to drink large quantities of fluids, up to four liters a day.

Men may also experience weight loss since their bodies break down muscle to make energy, instead of fat. This is because their blood sugar levels are elevated for long periods.

Diabetes diet

A balanced diet for diabetes can be a key part of managing the condition. It can help you control blood sugar levels, manage weight and reduce risk factors for heart disease.

Include whole foods in your diet, like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Also, dairy products that are low in fat products, beans, and legumes are good choices. It should be free of saturated fats and sugars as well as added sugars (unhealthy).

You may want to limit your intake of beverages sweetened with sugar. These drinks are often packed with sugar and can cause blood sugar levels to rise.

Diabetes medications

Your doctor may prescribe diabetes medications to help keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in normal levels. These medications are typically combined with lifestyle changes, like eating habits and physical activity to help manage diabetes.

If your blood sugar levels aren’t controlled on one medicine it is possible that a different medicine will be added. Your doctor will work with you to select the most appropriate medicine for your requirements and preferences.

Newer medications like glucagon-like receptor agonists, peptide-1, and sodium-glucose inhibitors that lower blood sugar levels, provide cardiovascular and kidney benefits, and lower the risk of complications. They also aid in weight loss and are available in tablet and injectable forms.