Average Blood Sugar Fasting

Diabetes – What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a serious condition that is affecting millions of people each year. It occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin, or fails to utilize the insulin it has effectively.

Exercise, diet and medication can help prevent or delay the progression of the disease. It is important to be aware of the signs, to determine whether you have a problem and seek treatment.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic health issue (long-lasting), which alters the way your body converts food into energy. It occurs when the pancreas stops producing enough insulin, or fails to use it as efficiently as it should.

Insulin is a hormone that assists cells absorb and utilize sugar, also known as glucose. Type 2 diabetics don’t produce enough insulin, or their bodies aren’t able to utilize it properly.

The blood sugar levels increase as time passes in both types of diabetes. This can cause issues with the eyes, kidneys and feet. It could also harm your brain and heart arteries.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is an auto-immune disease which means that your body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cell in the pancreas. The destruction can take place over months or years and eventually lead to the total absence of insulin.

People with type 1 diabetes must take insulin each day. They must also monitor their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food, and activities to keep their blood sugar in the healthy range.

Type 2 diabetes

If you suffer from type 2 diabetes the body isn’t making the insulin it needs to. Insulin is a hormonal substance that aids in the movement of glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells where it is used as energy.

Type 2 diabetics need to exercise and follow a healthy diet. They might also need to take medications to manage their blood sugar levels.

Women with diabetes are afflicted with symptoms

Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects people of all races, ethnic groups and ages as well as genders. However women are at higher risk than males.

Women with diabetes are more likely to experience complications, such as heart disease (the most common complication associated with diabetes) and loss of vision.

One early warning sign of diabetes in women is increased thirst and urinary frequency, also known as polydipsia. This is due to diabetes causing excess sugar to build up in your blood and your kidneys don’t have the capacity to get rid of it effectively.

Men who suffer from diabetes show signs

In the case of diabetes the cells are unable to make use of blood sugar (glucose) to generate energy. This is usually because the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin.

This can result in high blood glucose levels. Your body then attempts to reduce these levels by flushing excess glucose from your bloodstream through urine.

Patients with diabetes typically have a thirsty feeling and must drink large amounts of fluids. This can be up to four liters daily.

Men may also lose weight because their bodies utilize muscles for energy instead of fat. This is because blood sugar levels stay high for long periods.

Diabetes diet

The development of a healthy diabetes diet is a crucial aspect of managing your diabetes. It can help you control blood sugar levels, manage your weight, and lower heart disease risk factors.

Your diet should consist of plenty of whole foods like fruits whole grains, vegetables as well as beans and dairy that is low in fat. It should be free of saturated fats and sugars as well as added sugars (unhealthy).

You might be advised to limit your consumption of sweetened drinks with sugar. These drinks are often packed with sugar and can cause blood sugar levels in the body to increase.

Diabetes medications

Your doctor may prescribe diabetes medications to keep your blood sugar (glucose) levels within an acceptable range. These medications are typically used with lifestyle changes like exercising and diet to help you manage your diabetes.

If your blood sugar levels aren’t well managed by one medication, a second medicine might be added. Your doctor will assist you to pick the best medication to meet your needs and preferences.

Newer medicines like glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists and sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors reduce blood sugar levels, provide cardiovascular and kidney benefits, and reduce the risk of complications. They also aid in weight loss, and come in both tablets and injections.