Average Blood Sugar Of 125 Is What A1C

Diabetes – What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a serious condition that affects millions of people every year. It happens when your body isn’t producing enough insulin, or when it’s unable to utilize the insulin it does have effectively.

Exercise, diet and medication can help to prevent or delay the disease. It’s important to be aware of symptoms to determine the signs of a problem and seek treatment.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) disease that affects the way your body converts food into energy. It occurs when your pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin, or fails to use it as effectively as it should.

Insulin is a hormone that helps cells absorb and utilize sugar, also known as glucose. People suffering from type 2 diabetes don’t produce enough insulin or their bodies aren’t able to make it work properly.

In both types of diabetes, blood sugar levels are excessively high over time. This can lead to problems in the kidneys, eyes and feet. It can also harm the arteries in your heart and brain.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune reaction, which means that your immune system attacks the pancreatic cells that produce insulin, and destroys them. This process can last for several months or even years before resulting in an absence of insulin.

Insulin is required by those with type 1 diabetes all day. They also need to monitor their blood sugar levels and adjust their the levels of insulin, food and activity levels to keep their blood sugar within the healthy range.

Type 2 diabetes

If you have type 2, your body is not making the insulin it needs to. Insulin is a hormonal substance that assists your cells in moving glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells, where it can be utilized to generate energy.

Type 2 diabetics should exercise and adhere to a healthy diet. They may also have to take medications to control their blood sugar levels.

Women with diabetes are afflicted with symptoms

Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects all races as well as ethnic groups as well as ages and genders. However women are at higher risk than men.

Women with diabetes are more likely to develop complications, like heart disease (the most frequent diabetes-related complication), and vision loss.

Polydipsia can be a warning sign for women with diabetes. This is due to diabetes causing excessive sugar to accumulate in your blood and your kidneys aren’t able to eliminate it effectively.

Symptoms of diabetes in men

Diabetes is a condition where cells are unable use glucose (blood sugar) as energy source. This usually happens because the pancreas produces too little insulin.

This can lead to high blood sugar levels. Your body then attempts to reduce these levels by flushing excess glucose from your bloodstream via urine.

People who have diabetes often feel thirsty and need to drink large amounts of fluids. It can be as much as 4 liters a day.

The men may also lose weight as their bodies make use of muscles for energy instead of fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar levels remain high for prolonged periods of time.

Diabetes diet

Making a balanced diabetes diet is a key element in managing your diabetes. It can help you manage your blood sugar levels, manage your weight, and lower the risk of developing heart disease.

It is important to include whole foods in your diet, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Also, low-fat dairy products and legumes are excellent choices. It should be free of saturated (unhealthy) fat and added sugars.

You might need to limit your consumption of drinks that are sweetened with sugar. These drinks usually contain plenty of sugar, which can lead to high blood sugar levels.

Diabetes medications

Your doctor may prescribe diabetes medication to keep your blood sugar (glucose) levels within a normal range. These medications are usually combined with lifestyle changes, such as eating habits and physical activity to help manage diabetes.

If your blood sugar levels are not being managed well with one medicine, you may need to add a second medication. Your doctor will guide you to select the right medicine for your preferences and needs.

Newer medications, such as sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors and glucagon-like antagonists for the peptide-1 receptor, decrease blood sugar levels and are beneficial for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, as well as decreasing the risk of complications. They are also useful for weight loss, and they are available in tablet and injection forms.