Average Blood Sugar Test

Diabetes – What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a serious condition which affects millions of people every year. It happens when the body does not produce enough insulin or cannot utilize the insulin it has effectively.

Diet, exercise and medication can all help in preventing or delaying the progression of the disease. It is also essential to be aware of the signs, so you can determine whether there is a problem and seek treatment.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is an ongoing (long-lasting) health issue that affects the way your body turns food into energy. It happens when your pancreas stops making enough insulin or isn’t able to use it as well as it should.

Insulin is the hormone that aids your body absorb and utilize glucose, also known as sugar. People suffering from type 2 diabetes don’t produce enough insulin or their bodies aren’t able to utilize it correctly.

The blood sugar levels rise over time in both kinds of diabetes. This can lead to problems with your eyes, feet and kidneys. It can also cause damage to your brain and heart arteries.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune reaction, which means that your immune system attacks pancreatic cells that produce insulin, and destroys them. This destruction can occur over several months or even years before resulting in an absence of insulin.

Insulin is needed by people with type 1 diabetes all day. They must also keep an eye on their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food, and levels of activity to keep their blood sugar levels within the healthy range.

Type 2 diabetes

If you suffer from type 2 diabetes, your body is not producing insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells to remove blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells, where it can be used to create energy.

People with type 2 diabetes must treat their condition through a healthy diet and regular exercise. They may also have to take medication to control their blood glucose levels.

The signs of diabetes in women

Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects people from all races, ethnicities, and genders. Women are more susceptible than men.

Women with diabetes are more likely to experience complications, such as heart disease (the most common complication associated with diabetes), and vision loss.

Polydipsia is one of the warning signs for women who suffer from diabetes. This is because diabetes causes excessive sugar to accumulate in your blood and your kidneys don’t have the capacity to eliminate it in a proper manner.

Men with diabetes: Symptoms

In the case of diabetes, cells are unable to make use of blood sugar (glucose) to generate energy. This is usually because the pancreas produces insufficient insulin.

This causes elevated blood sugar levels. Your body will then try to lower the levels by flushing the excess glucose from your bloodstream through urine.

Diabetes patients are frequently thirsty, and they have to drink plenty of fluids.

Men can be able to experience weight loss too as their bodies break down muscle to make energy instead of fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar levels stay high for prolonged periods of time.

Diabetes diet

A balanced diet for diabetes can be a key part of managing the condition. It can help you manage your blood sugar levels, control your weight, and reduce the risk of developing heart disease.

Your diet should consist of a wide range of whole food items, including fruits, vegetables, whole grains beans, and low-fat dairy. It should be free of saturated (unhealthy) fat and added sugars.

You may be advised to limit your consumption of sweetened drinks with sugar. These drinks are typically high in sugar, which can cause blood sugar levels to rise.

Diabetes medication

Your doctor might prescribe diabetes-related medications to keep your blood sugar (glucose) levels within the normal range. These drugs are often paired with changes to your lifestyle, such as diet and physical activity, to manage the condition.

If your blood sugar levels aren’t controlled by one medicine it is possible that a different medicine will be added. Your doctor can help you select the right medicine for your preferences and needs.

Newer medications, like sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2 inhibitors as well as glucagon antagonists for the peptide-1 receptor, decrease blood sugar levels and provide benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, while reducing the risk of complications. They’re also helpful for weight loss and are available in injectable and tablet forms.