Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious condition that affects millions each year. It happens when the body fails to produce enough insulin or cannot use the insulin that it has effectively.
The good news is that it can be treated and can be treated or delayed through diet, exercise and medication. It is also essential to know the symptoms, so you can tell if there is a problem and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is an ongoing (long-lasting) health issue that affects the way your body turns food into energy. It occurs when the pancreas stops making enough insulin or doesn’t utilize it as efficiently as it should.
Insulin is the hormone that aids your body absorb and use glucose, also referred to as sugar. Type 2 diabetics don’t make enough insulin, or their bodies aren’t able to use it effectively.
The blood sugar levels rise with time in both forms of diabetes. This can lead to issues with the eyes, kidneys and feet. It can also damage the blood vessels in your heart and brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder and means that the body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells inside the pancreas. This process can take months or years before eventually resulting in a total lack of insulin.
People suffering from type 1 diabetes must take insulin each day. They also need to monitor their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food, and activity levels to keep their blood sugar in the normal range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you have type 2 diabetes the body does not utilize insulin in the way it should. Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells in moving glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells which can then be used to create energy.
Type 2 diabetics need to exercise and follow a healthy diet. They may also need to take medication to regulate their blood sugar levels.
Women with diabetes are afflicted with symptoms
Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects people of all races, ethnicities, and genders. However, women are at a greater risk than men.
Women with diabetes are more prone to develop complications, including heart disease (the most frequent diabetes-related complication) and loss of vision.
Polydipsia is one of the warning signs for women suffering from diabetes. This is because diabetes causes excessive sugar to accumulate in the blood and your kidneys aren’t able to remove it correctly.
Diabetes in men Men: Symptoms
Diabetes is a condition where cells are unable to use glucose (blood sugar) for energy. This is usually because the pancreas stops producing enough insulin.
This can lead to high blood glucose levels. Your body then tries to reduce these levels by flushing excess glucose from your bloodstream through urine.
People with diabetes are typically thirsty and require to drink plenty of fluids.
The men may also shed weight as their bodies utilize muscles to generate energy, not fat. This is because blood sugar levels remain high for prolonged periods of time.
Developing a healthy diabetes diet is an important part of managing your condition. It can help regulate blood sugar levels and weight, as well as reduce the risk factors for heart diseases.
Your diet should consist of plenty of whole foods, such as fruits, whole grains, vegetables beans, low-fat dairy and legumes. It should be low in added sugars and saturated fats (unhealthy).
You might consider limiting your consumption of drinks sweetened with sugar. These drinks often have a lot of sugar in them that can cause elevated blood sugar levels.
Your doctor might recommend diabetes medications to help keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in normal levels. These medications are usually combined with lifestyle changes, like physical activity and diet, to help manage the condition.
If your blood sugar levels aren’t being well controlled on one medicine another medicine could be added. Your doctor will work with you to determine the best medicine for your needs and preferences.
Newer medications, like sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2 inhibitors as well as glucagon antagonists of the peptide-1 receptors, lower blood sugar levels and provide benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, as well as reducing the risk of complications. They are also useful for weight loss and come in both tablets and injections.