Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious illness that affects millions of people every year. It occurs because the body doesn’t produce enough insulin or make use of the insulin it does have effectively.
The good news is that it can be treated and can be treated or delayed through diet, exercise and medications. It is also essential to be aware of symptoms to be able to tell the signs of a problem and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic health problem (long-lasting), which affects the way your body converts food into energy. It occurs when your pancreas isn’t producing enough insulin or isn’t able to utilize it in a proper manner.
Insulin is the hormone that aids your body absorb and use glucose, also referred to as sugar. People suffering from type 2 diabetes don’t make enough insulin, or their bodies can’t make it in a proper way.
In both forms of diabetes, blood sugar levels become excessively high over time. This can cause problems in the feet, eyes, and kidneys. It can also damage your heart arteries and brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune reaction, which means that your immune system attacks the pancreatic cells that produce insulin and destroys them. The destruction can take place over months or even years until it eventually leads to an inability to produce insulin.
People with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin every day. They also have to keep track of their blood glucose levels and adjust insulin, food and activity levels to keep their blood sugar within the healthy range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you have type 2, your body is not functioning as insulin should. Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells get blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells, where it can be used as energy.
Type 2 diabetes sufferers have to manage their condition through a healthy diet and regular exercise. They may also need to take medication to control their blood sugar levels.
The signs of diabetes in women
Diabetes is a chronic illness that affects all races as well as ethnic groups as well as ages and genders. However women are at a higher risk than males.
Women with diabetes have a greater chance of developing complications compared to men, such as heart disease (the most common diabetes complication) and loss of vision.
Polydipsia is one of the warning signs for women with diabetes. This is because diabetes causes excessive sugar to accumulate in your blood and your kidneys don’t have the capacity to filter it out in a proper manner.
Men with symptoms of diabetes
Diabetes is a condition where cells are unable use glucose (blood sugar) for energy. This usually happens because the pancreas stops producing enough insulin.
This can lead to high blood glucose levels. Your body then attempts to reduce these levels by flushing the excess glucose out of your bloodstream via urine.
People with diabetes are typically thirsty, and they need to drink a lot of fluids.
Men may also shed weight as their bodies use muscles to generate energy, not fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar levels stay high for extended periods of time.
A balanced diet for diabetes is an important aspect of managing the condition. It can help control blood sugar levels, manage weight and decrease risk factors for heart disease.
Your diet should comprise plenty of whole foods, such as fruits vegetables, whole grains as well as beans and dairy that is low in fat. It should be free of saturated (unhealthy) fats and added sugars.
You might be advised to limit your consumption of sweetened drinks with sugar. These drinks often have lots of sugar which can result in high blood sugar levels.
Your doctor may prescribe diabetes medications to help keep your blood sugar (glucose) levels within an acceptable range. These drugs are often paired with changes in lifestyle, like eating habits and physical activity to manage diabetes.
If your blood sugar levels aren’t well managed by one medication it is possible that a different medicine will be added. Your doctor will work with you to choose the best medication for your needs and preferences.
Newer drugs like glucagonlike receptor agonists, peptide-1, and sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors lower blood sugar, have cardiovascular and kidney benefits, and lower the risk of complications. They also aid in weight loss and are available in tablet and injectable forms.