Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious illness that affects millions of people every year. It occurs when your body isn’t producing enough insulin or it’s not able to use the insulin it does have effectively.
Exercise, diet and medications can all help in preventing or delaying the progression of the disease. It’s important to be aware of the symptoms to determine the signs of a problem and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic health problem (long-lasting), which affects the way your body converts food into energy. It occurs when the pancreas isn’t producing enough insulin, or fails to use it as effectively as it should.
Insulin is a hormone that helps your cells absorb and use sugar, also known as glucose. Type 2 diabetics aren’t producing enough insulin or their bodies cannot use it in a proper way.
The blood sugar levels increase over time in both kinds of diabetes. This can lead to problems with your eyes, feet, and kidneys. It can also damage the coronary arteries and brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder, meaning that the body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells inside the pancreas. This process can take months or years before eventually resulting in a total lack of insulin.
Insulin is required by people who suffer from type 1 diabetes each day. They also have to keep track of their blood sugar levels and adjust their the levels of insulin, food and activity levels to keep their blood glucose within an acceptable range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes the body does not use insulin the way it should. Insulin is a hormonal substance that helps your cells move glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells, which can then be used as energy.
People suffering from type 2 diabetes have to manage their condition by consuming a balanced diet and exercise. They also may need to take medication to manage their blood sugar levels.
Women with diabetes are afflicted with symptoms
Diabetes is a chronic illness that affects all races as well as ethnic groups age, genders, and ages. However women are at higher risk than males.
Women with diabetes are more likely to experience complications, like heart disease (the most frequent diabetes-related complication) and loss of vision.
One early warning sign of diabetes in women is a rise in thirst and urine, a condition known as polydipsia. This is because diabetes can result in excess sugar accumulation in your blood and kidneys can’t eliminate it.
Diabetes in men Men: Symptoms
In the case of diabetes, cells are unable to use blood sugar (glucose) to generate energy. This is usually because the pancreas is producing too little insulin.
This can lead to high blood glucose levels. Your body then attempts to lower these levels by flushing the excess glucose out of your bloodstream via urine.
Patients with diabetes are usually thirsty and require to drink plenty of fluids.
Men can also lose weight as their bodies use muscle for energy rather than fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar levels remain high for prolonged periods of time.
A healthy diet for diabetes can be a key part of managing the condition. It can help you manage your blood sugar, reduce your weight and heart disease risk factors.
It is important to include whole foods in your diet, like fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Also, dairy products that are low in fat products as well as legumes, beans and beans are excellent choices. It should also be low in saturated (unhealthy) fat and added sugars.
You may also want to limit the amount of sugar-sweetened beverages you consume. These drinks are often packed with sugar and can cause blood sugar levels to rise.
Your doctor might prescribe diabetes medications to help keep your blood sugar (glucose) levels within an acceptable range. These medications are typically combined with changes in lifestyle, like physical activity and diet, to help manage diabetes.
If your blood sugar levels aren’t controlled by one medicine then a second medication could be added. Your doctor can help you select the right medicine to suit your preferences and needs.
Newer medicines like glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists and sodium-glucose inhibitors that lower blood sugar levels, offer kidney and cardiovascular benefits, and reduce the risk of complications. They also aid in weight loss, and come in both tablet and injection forms.