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Diabetes – What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a serious condition that affects millions of people every year. It is caused because the body doesn’t make enough insulin or make use of the insulin it has effectively.

Exercise, diet and medication can aid in preventing or reducing the progression of the disease. It is also essential to be aware of the signs, to determine whether there is a problem and seek treatment.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic health problem (long-lasting) that alters how your body converts food into energy. It occurs when the pancreas stops producing enough insulin or can’t use it as efficiently as it should.

Insulin is the hormone that aids your body absorb and use glucose, also known as sugar. People suffering from type 2 diabetes aren’t able to make enough insulin or their bodies aren’t able to use it properly.

The blood sugar levels rise with time in both forms of diabetes. This can lead to problems with the eyes, kidneys and feet. It can also damage the arteries in your heart and brain.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune reaction, which means that your immune system attacks the pancreatic insulin-producing cells and destroys them. The destruction can take place over many months or even years until it leads to an absence of insulin.

Insulin is required by those who suffer from type 1 diabetes each day. They must also monitor their blood glucose levels and adjust their insulin, food and activity levels in order to keep their blood sugar within the healthy range.

Type 2 diabetes

If you have type 2 the body isn’t using insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone which helps your cells to remove blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells so that it can be used to create energy.

People suffering from type 2 diabetes must treat their condition by eating a balanced diet and regular exercise. They may also have to take medication to manage their blood sugar levels.

The signs of diabetes in women

Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects all races and ethnicities age, genders, and ages. Women are at greater risk than men.

Women with diabetes are at a greater risk chance of developing complications compared to men, including heart disease (the most common diabetes complication) and vision loss.

One of the first signs of diabetes in women is a higher thirst and increased urinary frequency, also known as polydipsia. This is because diabetes can result in excess sugar accumulation in your blood and your kidneys are not able to remove it.

Symptoms of diabetes in men

Diabetes is a condition where cells are unable use glucose (blood sugar) as energy source. This usually happens because the pancreas stops producing enough insulin.

This can lead to high blood glucose levels. Your body then tries to reduce these levels by flushing the excess glucose from your bloodstream through urine.

People with diabetes are typically thirsty, and they have to drink lots of fluids.

Men can also lose weight since their bodies rely on muscles for energy instead of fat. This is due to their blood sugar levels are high for long periods.

Diabetes diet

A healthy diabetes diet can be a key part of managing the condition. It can help control blood sugar levels, manage weight and decrease the risk factors that can lead to heart disease.

Your diet should consist of a wide range of whole foods like fruits whole grains, vegetables beans, and low-fat dairy. It should be free of saturated (unhealthy) fat and added sugars.

You may also consider limiting the amount of drinks that contain sugar you consume. These drinks usually contain high levels of sugar and can cause high blood sugar levels.

Diabetes medications

Your doctor may prescribe diabetes medications to keep your blood sugar (glucose) levels within an acceptable range. These medications are often combined with lifestyle changes, like physical activity and diet, to help manage the condition.

If your blood sugar levels are not being managed well with one medication, you may need to add a second medication. Your doctor will guide you to choose the best medicine to meet your needs and preferences.

Newer medications like glucagon-like receptor agonists for peptide-1 as well as sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors lower blood sugar levels, provide kidney and cardiovascular benefits, and reduce the risk of complications. They can also be beneficial for weight loss and are available in tablet and injectable forms.