Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious disease that is affecting millions of people each year. It is caused when your body isn’t producing enough insulin, or it’s unable to utilize the insulin it does have effectively.
Exercise, diet and medications can all help in preventing or delaying the development of the disease. It is also essential to understand the symptoms so you can determine whether you have a problem and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is an ongoing (long-lasting) health issue that affects how your body converts food into energy. It happens when your pancreas does not produce enough insulin or isn’t able to properly use it.
Insulin is a hormone that helps your cells absorb and use sugar, which is called glucose. Type 2 diabetics do not produce enough insulin or their bodies aren’t able to utilize it correctly.
In both forms of diabetes, blood sugar levels become excessively high over time. This can lead to problems with the eyes, feet and kidneys. It can also damage your brain and heart arteries.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease and means that the body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells inside the pancreas. This process can take months or years, eventually leading to the total absence of insulin.
Insulin is required by those with type 1 diabetes every day. They also must monitor their blood sugar levels and adjust their food, insulin and activity levels in order to keep their blood sugar within an acceptable range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes your body isn’t making the insulin it needs to. Insulin is a hormonal substance that assists your cells in moving glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells, which can then be used to create energy.
People suffering from type 2 diabetes need to treat their diabetes by eating a balanced diet and regular exercise. They may also need to take medicine to control their blood sugar levels.
Symptoms of diabetes in women
It is a chronic illness that affects people of all races, ethnicities, and genders. Women are more susceptible than men.
Women with diabetes have a higher chance of developing complications than men, including heart disease (the most commonly reported diabetes complication) and vision loss.
One of the early warning signs of women suffering from diabetes is increased thirst and urine, a condition known as polydipsia. This is because diabetes can result in excess sugar accumulation in your blood and kidneys can’t remove it.
Symptoms of diabetes in men
Diabetes is a condition in which cells are unable to use glucose (blood sugar) to generate energy. This is typically due to the fact that the pancreas produces too little insulin.
This causes high blood sugar levels. Your body will then attempt to lower these levels by flushing out the excess glucose in your bloodstream via urine.
Diabetes patients are frequently thirsty and require to drink plenty of fluids.
The men may also shed weight as their bodies use muscles for energy instead of fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar level remains high for long periods of time.
A healthy diabetes diet is a crucial aspect of managing the condition. It can help manage blood sugar levels, manage weight and decrease risk factors for heart disease.
You should include whole food items in your diet, like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Also, low-fat dairy products as well as legumes, beans and beans are great choices. It should also be low in saturated (unhealthy) fat and added sugars.
You may want to limit your intake of drinks that are sweetened with sugar. These drinks are usually high in sugar which can cause blood sugar levels to rise.
Your doctor may suggest diabetic medications to help keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in an acceptable range. These medications are typically combined with lifestyle changes, like physical activity and diet, to help manage diabetes.
If your blood sugar levels aren’t managed by one medication then a second medication could be added. Your doctor will assist you to select the best medication for your specific needs and preferences.
Newer drugs like glucagonlike peptide-1 receptor agonists and sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors lower blood sugar levels, have kidney and cardiovascular benefits and lower the risk of complications. They can also be beneficial for weight loss and are available in tablet and injectable forms.