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Diabetes – What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a serious condition that is affecting millions of people each year. It happens when the body fails to produce enough insulin or cannot use the insulin that it produces effectively.

The good news is that it can be treated and prevented or delayed by diet, exercise and medications. It is also essential to recognize the signs so you can identify whether there is a problem and seek treatment.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) health issue that affects how your body transforms food into energy. It happens when your pancreas does not produce enough insulin or fails to use it correctly.

Insulin is a hormone that helps cells absorb and utilize sugar, which is called glucose. Type 2 diabetics aren’t producing enough insulin, or their bodies aren’t able to use it properly.

In both types of diabetes, blood sugar levels can become too high in time. This can cause problems in the kidneys, eyes and feet. It can also damage the arteries in your heart and brain.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition which means that the body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells inside the pancreas. This process can take several years or even decades before eventually resulting in the total absence of insulin.

Insulin is a requirement for people who suffer from type 1 diabetes each day. They also have to keep track of their blood glucose levels and adjust insulin, food and activity levels to keep their blood sugar within an acceptable range.

Type 2 diabetes

If you suffer from type 2 diabetes, your body is not using insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone which helps your cells remove blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells, where it can be used to create energy.

Type 2 diabetics have to exercise and adhere to a healthy diet. They may also have to take medication to control their blood glucose levels.

Diabetes in women symptoms

It is a chronic illness that affects people from all races, ethnicities and genders. Women are at higher risk than men.

Women with diabetes are at a greater risk likelihood of developing complications than men, including heart disease (the most commonly reported diabetes complication) and vision loss.

Polydipsia is a sign of warning for women with diabetes. This is because diabetes causes excessive sugar to accumulate in the blood and your kidneys aren’t able to remove it properly.

Men who suffer from diabetes show signs

Diabetes is a condition that occurs when cells are not able to use glucose (blood sugar) as energy source. This is typically because the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin.

This can lead to high blood glucose levels. The body then attempts to lower these levels by flushing the excess glucose from your bloodstream through urine.

People with diabetes are typically thirsty, and they need to drink a lot of fluids.

Men can also shed weight as their bodies use muscles for energy instead of fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar level remains high for extended periods of time.

Diabetes diet

A healthy diabetes diet can be an essential part of managing the condition. It can help control blood sugar levels, manage weight and reduce risk factors for heart disease.

Your diet should consist of plenty of whole foods, such as fruits, whole grains, vegetables, beans and low-fat dairy. It should be free of saturated fats and sugars as well as added sugars (unhealthy).

You may need to limit your consumption of sweetened drinks with sugar. These drinks usually contain high levels of sugar and can cause elevated blood sugar levels.

Diabetes medication

Your doctor may prescribe diabetic medications to help keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels within the normal range. These medications are typically paired with lifestyle changes like exercising and diet to manage your diabetes.

If your blood sugar is not being managed well with one medication, you might need to take a different medication. Your doctor will assist you to select the best medication for your requirements and preferences.

Newer medications, like sodium-glucose -cotransporter-2 inhibitors, and glucagon antagonists of the peptide-1 receptors, lower blood sugar and have benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, while reducing the risk of developing complications. They can also be beneficial for weight loss and are available in injectable and tablet forms.