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Diabetes – What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a serious illness which affects millions of people every year. It occurs when the body does not make enough insulin or use the insulin that it does have effectively.

Exercise, diet and medications can aid in preventing or reducing the development of the disease. It is also essential to recognize the signs so you can determine if there is a problem and seek treatment.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic illness (long-lasting), which impacts the way your body converts food into energy. It occurs when the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin or isn’t able to use it as efficiently as it should.

Insulin is the hormone that helps your body absorb and use glucose, also known as sugar. Type 2 diabetics do not produce enough insulin or their bodies aren’t able to use it correctly.

The blood sugar levels increase as time passes in both types of diabetes. This can lead to problems with your eyes, kidneys and feet. It can also damage the blood vessels in your heart as well as the brain.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune reaction which means that your immune system attacks insulin-producing pancreatic cells and destroys them. This destruction can occur over months or even years, eventually resulting in an absence of insulin.

Insulin is needed by people with type 1 diabetes all day. They also have to keep track of their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food, and levels of exercise to keep their blood sugar within the healthy range.

Type 2 diabetes

If you have type 2 the body isn’t making the insulin it needs to. Insulin is a hormone that helps your cells take blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells where it can be used to create energy.

People with type 2 diabetes need to treat their diabetes by consuming a balanced diet and exercise. They may also need to take medication to control their blood sugar levels.

Signs of women having diabetes

Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects people of all races, ethnicities, and genders. However women are at higher risk than men.

Women with diabetes are more likely to develop complications, including heart disease (the most frequent diabetes-related complication), and vision loss.

Polydipsia is a warning sign for diabetes in women. This is because diabetes causes excess sugar to build up in the blood, and your kidneys don’t have the capacity to eliminate it correctly.

Diabetes in men The signs and symptoms

In diabetes, cells are unable to use blood sugar (glucose) to produce energy. This is usually because the pancreas produces insufficient insulin.

This can lead to elevated blood sugar levels. Your body then tries to reduce these levels by flushing excess glucose out of your bloodstream through urine.

Diabetes patients are often thirsty and require to drink plenty of fluids.

Men may be able to experience weight loss too as their bodies break down muscle for energy instead of fat. This is because blood sugar levels are high for long periods.

Diabetes diet

The development of a healthy diabetes diet is an important part of managing your condition. It can help regulate blood sugar levels, manage weight and reduce the risk factors for heart diseases.

Your diet should comprise plenty of whole foods, including fruits whole grains, vegetables as well as beans and dairy that is low in fat. It should be free of added sugars and saturated fats (unhealthy).

You may want to limit your intake of drinks sweetened with sugar. These drinks often have plenty of sugar in them which can result in high blood sugar levels.

Diabetes medications

Your doctor might recommend diabetic medications to help keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in the normal range. These medicines are usually combined with lifestyle changes such as exercising and diet to help control your diabetes.

If your blood sugar levels aren’t controlled on one medicine, a second medicine might be added. Your doctor will work with you to pick the most appropriate medicine for your specific needs and preferences.

Newer medications, such as sodium-glucose -cotransporter-2 inhibitors, and glucagon antagonists for the peptide-1 receptor, decrease blood sugar and offer benefits for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, as well as decreasing the chance of developing complications. They also aid in weight loss, and are available in tablets and injections.