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Diabetes – What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a serious illness that affects millions of people every year. It occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin or use the insulin that it has effectively.

Exercise, diet and medication can help to prevent or delay the onset of the disease. It is also crucial to recognize the signs so you can identify whether there is a problem and seek treatment.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic health problem (long-lasting), which affects the way your body converts food into energy. It occurs when your pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin or isn’t able to use it as well as it should.

Insulin is a hormone that assists cells absorb and utilize sugar, which is called glucose. Type 2 diabetics aren’t producing enough insulin or are unable to use it effectively.

In both forms of diabetes, the blood sugar levels get too high over time. This can cause problems with your feet, eyes and kidneys. It can also damage the blood vessels in your heart as well as the brain.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is an auto-immune disease which means that the body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cell in the pancreas. This process can take many years or months, eventually leading to a total lack of insulin.

Insulin is needed by people with type 1 diabetes every day. They also have to keep track of their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food, and activity levels to keep their blood sugar within the healthy range.

Type 2 diabetes

If you suffer from type 2 diabetes, your body does not use insulin the way it should. Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells in moving glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells, which is then used to create energy.

Type 2 diabetics need to exercise and eat a balanced diet. They may also need to take medications to control their blood sugar levels.

Diabetes in women symptoms

Diabetes is a chronic illness that affects people of all races and ethnicities and ages as well as genders. Women are at greater risk than males.

Women with diabetes have a greater chance of developing complications compared to men, including heart disease (the most frequent diabetes complication) and loss of vision.

Polydipsia is one of the warning signs for women with diabetes. This is because diabetes can create excess sugar in your bloodstream and kidneys can’t eliminate it.

Men with diabetes: Symptoms

Diabetes is a disease in which cells are not able to use glucose (blood sugar) as energy source. This usually happens because the pancreas produces insufficient insulin.

This can lead to high blood glucose levels. The body tries to reduce these levels by flushing the excess glucose out of your bloodstream via urine.

People who have diabetes often are thirsty and have to drink large amounts of fluids, up to four liters per day.

The men may also lose weight since their bodies utilize muscles for energy instead of fat. This is due to their blood sugar levels stay high for long periods.

Diabetes diet

Making a balanced diabetes diet is a key element in managing your condition. It can help manage blood sugar levels and weight, as well as reduce risk factors for heart disease.

Include whole foods in your diet, like fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Also, low-fat dairy products and legumes are excellent choices. It should be low in added sugars and saturated fats (unhealthy).

You might be advised to limit your consumption of drinks that are sweetened with sugar. These drinks are often high in sugar, which can cause blood sugar levels in the body to increase.

Diabetes medication

Your doctor might prescribe diabetes medications to help keep your blood sugar (glucose) levels within an acceptable range. These medications are typically used with lifestyle changes like diet and exercise to manage your diabetes.

If your blood sugar levels aren’t being well managed on one medication then a second medication could be added. Your doctor will assist you choose the best medicine to meet your needs and preferences.

Newer medications, like sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2 inhibitors and glucagon like antagonists of the peptide-1 receptors, lower blood sugar levels and are beneficial for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, as well as reducing the chance of developing complications. They are also beneficial for weight loss and are available in tablet and injectable forms.