Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious condition that affects millions of people each year. It is caused when the body fails to produce enough insulin, or fails to make use of the insulin it does have effectively.
Exercise, diet and medication can all help in preventing or delaying the disease. It’s also crucial to be aware of symptoms to know whether something is wrong and get treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic health issue (long-lasting), which alters how your body converts food into energy. It happens when the pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin or is unable to use it correctly.
Insulin is the hormone that aids your body absorb and use glucose, also referred to as sugar. People suffering from type 2 diabetes don’t make enough insulin or their bodies don’t utilize it correctly.
In both forms of diabetes, blood sugar levels get excessively high over time. This can cause issues with your feet, eyes and kidneys. It can also harm the blood vessels in your heart as well as the brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is a disease caused by an autoimmune reaction, which means that your immune system attacks insulin-producing pancreatic cells and destroys them. This process can take months or even years until it eventually leads to a total lack of insulin.
Insulin is required by those with type 1 diabetes all day. They must also keep an eye on their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food and activity levels to keep their blood sugar in the healthy range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes, your body is not making the insulin it needs to. Insulin is a hormonal substance that aids your cells in moving glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells which can then be utilized to generate energy.
People with type 2 diabetes must treat their condition by consuming a balanced diet and regular exercise. They may also have to take medication to control their blood glucose levels.
The signs of diabetes in women
It is a chronic illness that affects people from all races, ethnicities, ages and genders. However women are at higher risk than males.
Women with diabetes are at a greater risk chance of developing complications than men, such as heart disease (the most commonly reported diabetes complication) and vision loss.
Polydipsia can be a warning sign for women who suffer from diabetes. This is because diabetes causes excessive sugar to accumulate in the blood, and the kidneys aren’t able remove it correctly.
Symptoms of diabetes in men
Diabetes is a condition in which cells are not able to use glucose (blood sugar) as energy source. This is usually due to the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin.
This causes high blood sugar levels. Your body will then try to lower these levels by flushing out the excess glucose in your bloodstream via urine.
People suffering from diabetes frequently are thirsty and have to drink large quantities of fluids. It can be as much as four liters daily.
Men can also lose weight since their bodies rely on muscle for energy rather than fat. This is due to the fact that the blood sugar level stays high for prolonged periods of time.
A healthy diet for diabetes can be a key part of managing the condition. It can help regulate blood sugar levels, manage weight and reduce the risk factors that can lead to heart disease.
Your diet should include plenty of whole foods, including fruits, whole grains, vegetables as well as beans and dairy that is low in fat. It should be free of saturated fats and sugars as well as added sugars (unhealthy).
You might also want to limit the amount of drinks that contain sugar you consume. These drinks are often high in sugar, which can cause blood sugar levels to increase.
Your doctor might prescribe diabetes medications to keep your blood sugar (glucose) levels within the normal range. These drugs are often paired with changes to your lifestyle, such as diet and physical activity, to manage diabetes.
If your blood sugar levels aren’t being well managed on one medication then a second medication could be added. Your doctor can help you pick the best medication for your preferences and needs.
Newer drugs like glucagonlike receptor antagonists for peptide-1 and sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors reduce blood sugar levels, offer cardiovascular and kidney benefits, and lower the risk of complications. They are also beneficial for weight loss and are available in tablet and injectable forms.