Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious disease that affects millions of people each year. It is caused when your body isn’t producing enough insulin, or it can’t use the insulin it does have effectively.
The good news is that it is curable and can be prevented or delayed by diet, exercise and medications. It is also important to understand the symptoms to determine whether you have a problem and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic health issue (long-lasting), which impacts the way your body converts food into energy. It happens when your pancreas stops making enough insulin or doesn’t utilize it as well as it should.
Insulin is the hormone that helps your body absorb and utilize glucose, also referred to as sugar. People suffering from type 2 diabetes do not produce enough insulin or their bodies don’t make it work properly.
In both types of diabetes, the blood sugar levels can become too high in time. This can lead to problems with your feet, eyes, and kidneys. It could also cause damage to blood vessels in your heart and brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an auto-immune disease in which your body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells inside the pancreas. This process can take several years or even decades before eventually resulting in the total absence of insulin.
Insulin is needed by people with type 1 diabetes every day. They also need to monitor their blood sugar levels and adjust their food, insulin and activity levels to keep their blood glucose within an acceptable range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you have type 2, your body is not making the insulin it needs to. Insulin is a hormone that helps your cells take blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells where it can be used to create energy.
Type 2 diabetics must exercise and follow a healthy diet. They might also need to take medication to control their blood sugar levels.
Symptoms of diabetes in women
Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects people from all races, ethnicities, ages and genders. Women are more susceptible than men.
Women with diabetes are more likely to develop complications, such as heart disease (the most common complication associated with diabetes) and loss of vision.
Polydipsia can be a warning sign for women who suffer from diabetes. This is due to diabetes causing excessive sugar to accumulate in the blood and the kidneys aren’t able eliminate it in a proper manner.
Men with diabetes The signs and symptoms
Diabetes is a condition that occurs when cells are unable use glucose (blood sugar) as energy. This usually happens because the pancreas does not produce enough insulin.
This can lead to high blood glucose levels. Your body will then try to lower the level by flushing the excess glucose from your bloodstream through urine.
People with diabetes are typically thirsty and require to drink lots of fluids.
Men can also shed weight as their bodies utilize muscles to generate energy, not fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar levels stay high for prolonged periods of time.
A balanced diet for diabetes can be a key part of managing the condition. It can help manage blood sugar levels, manage weight and decrease the risk factors for heart diseases.
Include whole foods in your diet, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Also, low-fat dairy products and legumes are good choices. It should also be low in saturated (unhealthy) fat and added sugars.
You might also consider limiting the amount of drinks that contain sugar you consume. These drinks often have plenty of sugar in them which can result in elevated blood sugar levels.
Your doctor may prescribe diabetes medications to help keep your blood sugar (glucose) levels within a normal range. These medications are often combined with changes to your lifestyle, such as diet and physical activity, to manage diabetes.
If your blood sugar is not being adequately controlled with one medication, you may need to take a different medication. Your doctor will assist you choose the best medicine to meet your needs and preferences.
Newer medicines, such as sodium-glucose -cotransporter-2 inhibitors, and glucagon antagonists of the peptide-1 receptors, lower blood sugar levels and are beneficial for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, as well as decreasing the risk of developing complications. They are also beneficial for weight loss and are available in tablet and injectable forms.