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Diabetes – What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a serious condition that affects millions each year. It occurs because the body doesn’t produce enough insulin, or fails to use the insulin that it produces effectively.

The good news is that it can be cured and can be avoided or delayed with diet, exercise and medications. It is also essential to be aware of the symptoms to determine whether something is wrong and get treatment.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is an ongoing (long-lasting) health issue that affects how your body transforms food into energy. It occurs when the pancreas stops producing enough insulin or can’t use it as effectively as it should.

Insulin is the hormone that helps your body to absorb and utilize glucose, also known as sugar. People suffering from type 2 diabetes aren’t able to make enough insulin or their bodies aren’t able to make it work properly.

In both types of diabetes, the blood sugar levels get too high over time. This can cause problems with your feet, eyes, and kidneys. It may also damage your heart arteries and brain.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune reaction which means that your immune system attacks the pancreatic cells that produce insulin and destroys them. This destruction can happen over several years or even decades before eventually resulting in a total lack of insulin.

Type 1 diabetics require insulin every day. They also need to monitor their blood sugar levels and adjust their the levels of insulin, food and activity levels in order to keep their blood glucose within the healthy range.

Type 2 diabetes

If you have type 2 diabetes, your body does not make use of insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone that helps your cells move glucose (blood sugar) from your blood into your cells, where it can be used to create energy.

Type 2 diabetics need to exercise and follow a healthy diet. They may also have to take medication to manage their blood sugar levels.

The signs of diabetes in women

Diabetes is a chronic illness that affects people from all races, ethnicities and genders. However, women are at a greater risk than men.

Women with diabetes are more likely to suffer from complications, including heart disease (the most common diabetes-related complication) and loss of vision.

One of the early warning signs of diabetes in women is a higher thirst and increased the frequency of urination, which is known as polydipsia. This is because diabetes causes excess sugar to build up in the bloodstream and your kidneys don’t have the capacity to get rid of it properly.

The signs of diabetes in men

In diabetes the cells are unable to make use of blood sugar (glucose) to produce energy. This is typically because the pancreas ceases to produce enough insulin.

This can lead to high blood glucose levels. Your body will then try to lower these levels by flushing the excess glucose from your bloodstream through urine.

People with diabetes are typically thirsty and require to drink a lot of fluids.

Men can also shed weight as their bodies make use of muscle for energy rather than fat. This is due to the fact that the blood sugar level stays high for prolonged periods of time.

Diabetes diet

A balanced diet for diabetes can be an essential part of managing the condition. It can help regulate blood sugar levels, manage weight and reduce the risk factors for heart diseases.

It is important to include whole foods in your diet, including fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Also, low-fat dairy products as well as legumes, beans and beans are good choices. It should be low in added sugars and saturated fats (unhealthy).

You might also need to limit the amount of drinks that contain sugar you consume. These drinks are usually packed with sugar, which can cause blood sugar levels in the body to increase.

Diabetes medication

Your doctor may prescribe diabetic medications to help keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in the normal range. These medicines are usually combined with lifestyle changes like diet and exercise to manage your diabetes.

If your blood sugar levels are not being controlled by one medication, you might require a second medication. Your doctor will help you determine the most appropriate medicine to suit your preferences and needs.

Newer medications such as glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists and sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors reduce blood sugar levels, provide kidney and cardiovascular benefits and reduce the risk of complications. They also help with weight loss, and come in both tablets and injections.