Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious illness that affects millions of people every year. It occurs because the body doesn’t produce enough insulin, or fails to use the insulin that it has effectively.
Exercise, diet and medication can help prevent or delay the disease. It is also important to recognize the signs so you can determine whether you have a problem and seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is an ongoing (long-lasting) disease that affects how your body transforms food into energy. It happens when your pancreas stops making enough insulin or can’t use it as efficiently as it should.
Insulin is the hormone that aids your body absorb and utilize glucose, also referred to as sugar. Type 2 diabetics don’t make enough insulin, or their bodies aren’t able to use it correctly.
In both types of diabetes, blood sugar levels get excessively high over time. This can lead to issues in the kidneys, eyes and feet. It could also harm the heart and brain arteries as well as your brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune reaction, which means that your immune system attacks pancreatic cells that produce insulin and destroys them. The process of destruction can last for many years or months and eventually lead to the complete absence of insulin.
Insulin is needed by people with type 1 diabetes all day. They also must monitor their blood glucose levels and adjust their the levels of insulin, food and activity levels in order to keep their blood glucose within an acceptable range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes your body isn’t producing insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone that assists your cells get blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells so that it can be used for energy.
People with type 2 diabetes need to treat their condition by consuming a balanced diet and exercise. They might also need to take medicine to control their blood sugar levels.
Signs of women having diabetes
Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects all races and ethnicities, ages, and genders. However women are at a higher risk than males.
Women with diabetes are more prone to suffer from complications, such as heart disease (the most frequent complication of diabetes), and vision loss.
Polydipsia is a sign of warning for women with diabetes. This is because diabetes can create excess sugar in your bloodstream and kidneys can’t filter it out.
Men with diabetes The signs and symptoms
Diabetes is a condition that occurs when cells are unable to use glucose (blood sugar) for energy. This usually happens because the pancreas produces insufficient insulin.
This can result in high blood glucose levels. The body tries to reduce these levels by flushing excess glucose out of your bloodstream via urine.
People with diabetes frequently feel thirsty and need to drink large amounts of fluids, up to four liters per day.
Men may also experience weight loss because their bodies break down muscle for energy, instead of fat. This is because blood sugar levels remain high for extended periods.
A healthy diabetes diet is a crucial aspect of managing the condition. It can help you manage your blood sugar levels, reduce your weight and heart disease risk factors.
Your diet should consist of plenty of whole foods, including fruits, vegetables, whole grains as well as beans and dairy that is low in fat. It should be low in added sugars and saturated fats (unhealthy).
You may also need to limit the amount of sugar-sweetened beverages you consume. These drinks are often packed with sugar and can cause blood sugar levels to rise.
Your doctor may prescribe diabetes medications to keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in normal levels. These medications are typically combined with lifestyle changes such as eating habits and exercise to help you manage your diabetes.
If your blood sugar levels aren’t well managed on one medication, a second medicine might be added. Your doctor will assist you to select the most appropriate medicine for your needs and preferences.
Newer medications, such as sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2 inhibitors as well as glucagon antagonists for the peptide-1 receptor, decrease blood sugar levels and are beneficial for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, while decreasing the chance of developing complications. They also aid in weight loss, and are available in tablet and injection forms.