Diabetes – What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious illness that affects millions of people every year. It occurs when the body is unable to produce enough insulin or make use of the insulin it does have effectively.
Exercise, diet and medication can all help in preventing or delaying the progression of the disease. It’s also important to be aware of the symptoms to be able to tell what’s wrong and get treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is an ongoing (long-lasting) health condition that affects the way your body converts food into energy. It occurs when the pancreas stops making enough insulin or doesn’t utilize it as effectively as it should.
Insulin is the hormone that helps your body absorb and utilize glucose, also known as sugar. People with type 2 diabetes don’t make enough insulin, or their bodies can’t make it work properly.
The blood sugar levels increase with time in both forms of diabetes. This can cause problems with the eyes, feet and kidneys. It can also cause damage to your heart arteries and brain.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune reaction which means that your immune system attacks pancreatic cells that produce insulin, and destroys them. The destruction can take place over months or years and eventually lead to the complete absence of insulin.
People with type 1 diabetes require insulin every day. They also have to keep track of their blood sugar levels and adjust their insulin, food and activities to keep their blood sugar within a healthy range.
Type 2 diabetes
If you suffer from type 2 diabetes your body isn’t using insulin as it should. Insulin is a hormone that helps your cells to remove blood sugar (glucose) out of your blood and into your cells so that it can be used as energy.
People suffering from type 2 diabetes need to treat their condition through a healthy diet and regular exercise. They also may need to take medication to control their blood sugar levels.
The signs of diabetes in women
Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects people of all races and ethnicities, ages, and genders. However, women are at a greater risk than men.
Women who suffer from diabetes have a higher chance of developing complications compared to men, such as heart disease (the most common diabetes complication) and vision loss.
Polydipsia is one of the warning signs for diabetes in women. This is because diabetes causes excess sugar to build up in your blood and the kidneys aren’t able remove it correctly.
Symptoms of diabetes in men
In the case of diabetes it is when cells are unable use blood sugar (glucose) for energy. This usually happens because the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin.
This leads to high blood sugar levels. Your body will then attempt to lower these levels by flushing the excess glucose from your bloodstream via urine.
Patients with diabetes typically are thirsty and have to drink large quantities of fluids. It can be as much as four liters daily.
Men may also lose weight as their bodies make use of muscle for energy rather than fat. This is due to the fact that their blood sugar levels stay high for extended periods of time.
Developing a healthy diabetes diet is an important part of managing your diabetes. It can help you manage your blood sugar levels, reduce your weight and heart disease risk factors.
You should include whole foods in your diet, including fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Also, dairy products that are low in fat products and legumes are excellent choices. It should be low in added sugars and saturated fats (unhealthy).
You may need to limit your consumption of drinks sweetened with sugar. These drinks often have plenty of sugar that can cause elevated blood sugar levels.
Your doctor may prescribe diabetes medications to keep your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels in the normal range. These medications are often combined with changes to your lifestyle, such as diet and physical activity, to manage diabetes.
If your blood sugar is not well controlled with one medication, you might need to take a different medication. Your doctor will assist you to choose the most appropriate medicine for your specific needs and preferences.
Newer medications, like sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2 inhibitors and glucagon like antagonists of the peptide-1 receptor, reduce blood sugar levels and are beneficial for the kidneys and cardiovascular system, while reducing the risk of complications. They also aid in weight loss, and they are available in tablets and injections.